The British started to do direct taxation on the American colonies to pay off debt from the Seven Years’ War. This allowed the Parliament to earn money from the American colonies to pay off war debt and take control of trade, which profited the British. As for the colonists, this was found to be unreasonable due to the fact that the British were taxing the colonists because the British extra-curricular activities, such as the Seven Years’ War. This very much upset the colonists, but made the Parliament feel more at ease to gain money to pay off debt and make profit from colonial
After the French and Indian War ended, England had massive debt and little revenue, so Parliament passed laws taxing the American colonists to aid in paying for the British army and navy that helped protect the colonies. Parliament passed a series of laws, including the Sugar Act and Stamp Act, which taxed goods purchased by the colonists. Colonial merchants, who did not feel they should be taxed without representation in Parliament, signed non-importation agreements promising not to buy or import British goods. There was a lot of violence committed on the customs officials who were enforcing the...
During the mid to late 1700s, the colonists fought harder for their independence than ever before. Before the American Revolution started, many colonists were starting to get tired of the mother country (England) controlling every little thing they did. Any type of economic activities never benefited any of colonies, while England reaped most of the benefits through the mercantile system. Also England suffered many issued many financial problems in their own country. They felt that the colonists should also be held responsible for their debt. Citizens in the mother country paid a lot more in taxes compared to the colonists, to generate more revenue for England to help solve its financial problems (170,178). It passed many laws to impose taxes
Among the many complex factors that contributed to instigating the American Revolution, two stand out most clearly: England’s imposition of taxation on the colonies and the failure of the British to gain consent of those being governed, along with the military measures England took on the colonists. Adding to these aforementioned factors were the religious and political legacy of the colonies, and the restriction of civil liberties by the British. Parliamentary taxation was undoubtedly one of the greatest factors inspiring the American public to rebel in the years leading up to the American Revolution. One of the most striking examples of this kind of taxation was the Stamp Act of 1765. After many years of fighting, England badly needed revenues from their colonies, and they sought to acquire these revenues from the New World, thereby increasing their influence over the colonial governments. These theories of “New Imperialism” were what prompted Prime Minister Grenville to pass the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act of 1765 stated that persons of almost any profession were obliged to buy stamps for their documents. In other words, the act imposed a tax on every printed document in the colonies. For example, a printer had to buy stamps in order to legally be able to distribute his publications. While the act itself was not so detrimental to the economy, it was the ideals behind the act (a direct attempt on the part of the mother country to further itself and raise revenues in the colonies) which drove the revolutionaries’ cause.
Theoretically, under the concept of mercantilism, which affirmed that the sole purpose of a colony was to provide for its mother country, Americans were restricted economically. But, until 1763, with England's practice of salutary neglect, Americans enjoyed economic freedom and were able to trade covertly with whomever they wished. In 1763, England won the French/Indian War at a heavy financial. The high cost of the war forced England to take a firmer hold on its North American colonies. Since the French/Indian war was fought on American soil for the protection of the American people, the English government thought it elementary that the colonists should help pay off some of the debt incurred by the war. But the Americans were outraged. When the Stamp Act of 1765 was passed colonists reacted with widespread anger and violence.
America’s history changed when the 13 colonies decided to become independent from Great Britain. Many incidents took place for America to achieve its independence from Great Britain. A revolution had to occur before Great Britain saw that its power over America was no longer accepted. The people in America suffered because of the way parliament was applying its laws and taxation over the colonies. The colonists had to make a choice to live in a society where the King could decide their future without knowing their issues, or to represent themselves as an independent colony and release their ties from Great Britain. There were three major causes of action in history that lead America toward revolution and independence against Great Britain. These were the Stamp Act, the Coercive Act, and the pamphlet Common Sense by Thomas Paine.
The American colonies were in a political turmoil. The British lost huge sums, as large as $145 million dollars, in fighting the French and Indian War (Murray 2012). The Empire had to cover the debts so they proceed to tax the colonies heavily to easily replenish their income. Taxes such as the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, and Currency Act were passed one after
After the French and Indian War, the British had acquired a vast amount of debt. The British decided that the colonists should have to help pay off the debt since it was acquired through protecting them. For the first time the colonists would have to begin paying extra taxes to the empire. The first tax that got placed on the colonist was a sugar tax. In the New England colonies, colonists were unable to continue making and selling a vast amount of rum as they had previously. Since the British had increased the tax on sugar and decreased the price of molasses because of the tax the colonists economy began to come to a halt. Parliament also began sending ships to patrol the colonies waterways for smugglers. A few months la...
For more than a decade before the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775, tensions had been building between colonists and the British authorities. Attempts by the British government to raise revenue by taxing the colonies, notably the Stamp Act of 1765 which raised taxes on all things mostly paper and of course stamps, and the Tea Act of 1773 which taxed all tea import...
The most fundamental reason for the American Revolution was the colonist’s outrage over taxation which led to a tax revolt launched by people who were tired of the burden of paying unfair taxes. The king placed taxes known as Townsend Acts, on the colonist’s tea, paper, paint, lead, glass, and many other items that were used daily and the colonists were against this taxing. The purpose of the Townsend Acts was to help pay the cost of government in America. Lawyer James Otis and other colonist rebels referred to King George as a tyrant. As stated by James Otis in The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved (1763), . . . “The very act of taxing exercised over those who are not represented appears to me to be depriving them of one of their most essential rights as freemen, and if continued seems to be in effect and entire
During the 18th century the British colonies in the Americas were settled down and had established a relatively well functioning economy and society. They had but one major problem, and it was with the country which had founded them. The British colonies had some grievances with the British government, which contained disagreements between the taxations being imposed on the colonies and the constant cause of chaos being caused by the British soldiers residing in the colonies. The colonies were outraged when they found out about the Townshend Act, and what Britain planned to do with all the money they were going to collect.