Schizophrenia is an illness. The symptoms of schizophrenia usually last a lifetime. Persons suffering from schizophrenia have a distorted perception of reality which includes hallucinations and delusions affecting their thinking. They also have what are called negative symptoms; these include social withdrawal and blunted affect. Along with the thought and affect, there is also cognitive dysfunction.
McLachlan, N. M., Phillips, D. S., Rossell, S. L., & Wilson, S. J. (2013). Auditory processing and hallucinations in schizophrenia.Schizophrenia Research, 150(2/3), 380-385. Sacks, S., Fisher, M., Garrett, C., Alexander, P., Holland, C., Rose, D., & ... Vinogradov, S. (2013). Combining Computerized Social Cognitive Training with Neuroplasticity-Based Auditory Training in Schizophrenia.
Very rarely, the symptoms of schizophrenia start before the age of 12. “Schizophrenia is a disease that makes it difficult for a person to tell the difference between real and unreal experiences, to think logically, to have normal emotional responses to others, and to behave normally in social situations. People with schizophrenia may also have difficulty in remembering, talking, and behaving appropriately”. (http://www.mhsource.com/narsad/schiz.html) According to Reynolds, Illnesses like schizophrenia bring unthinkable misery to sufferers and their families. Unlike other illnesses, it marks not only afflicted individuals, but also their relatives (96).
Many individuals have a difficult time accepting that either he or she has been diagnosed with Schizophrenia. This mental disorder mainly affects a human’s state of mind as well as his/her personality. Schizophrenia affects both men and woman of all ages and race. But young men in their early teens are more affected with this psychotic illness than young women. An individual’s brain functions differently than a normal human’s mind.
Introduction to Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that “disrupts the function of multiple brain systems, resulting in impaired social and occupational functioning” (Lewis & Sweet, 2009, pg. 706). Lewis (2009) suggests these functions usually consist of the confluence of disturbance in perception, attention, volition, fluency and production of language, recognition and expression of emotion, and capacity for pleasure. Schizophrenia has calamitous effects on people, and such devastating illness afflicts “0.5%-1% of the world’s population” (Lewis & Sweet, 2009, pg. 706).
Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that has affected people throughout the world. It has affected over 2.4 million American adults over the age of 18. (National Alliance on Mental Illness) “People with the disorder may hear voices other people don't hear. They may believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. This can terrify people with the illness and make them withdrawn or extremely agitated.” (National Institute of Mental Health) Schizophrenia has been around throughout history, back in the day people believed that those suffering from the illness were possessed by demons and they were feared.
In disorganized Schizophrenia flat or inappropriate affect, disorganized speech and behavior are all prevalent. The undifferentiated type is unusual in that it may have some characteristics of each of the different types. The Residual type has symptoms of odd beliefs and unusual perceptual experiences (Hoffer 1999). Illnesses like schizophrenia bring untold misery to sufferers and their families. The suffering is magnified because of the unique stigma attached to this illness.
It will discuss the symptoms and treatment for the disorder in a non-scientific, more familiar way. There are many different sub-types of schizophrenia with the paranoid type being the most well-known and common-place sort. Some of the signs and symptoms of the illness include audio and visual hallucinations; people hear and see things that are not there. In most cases, individuals also suffer from delusions; these people think that other people whether it be friends, family or even strangers are plotting against them to do them harm in some way. Other psychological symptoms of schizophrenia include distractibility, and a poor attention span [2-5].
Schizophrenia affects nearly about two million people in the United States, according to the SARDAA ( Schizophrenic and Related Disorders Alliance of America). People who have schizophrenia often see and hear people's voices in their mind, they believe that such people are out to get them and trying to harm them. It is difficult to separate the people who have schizophrenia with the ones that have not. Until you hear someone speak during a schizophrenic episode, then it seems like they have lost touch with reality. This is from the lack of activity in the frontal lobe, but the parietal lobe of the brain is overactive.
People with this disorder have a hard time understanding and relating to others, managing emotions, and perceiving things as real or fake. The limbic system plays a large role in mood control and emotional responses. Many people with schizophrenia are often depressed and socially withdrawn. They also often hear voices in their head telling them to do things and hallucinate frequently b... ... middle of paper ... ...zophrenia becomes homeless. It also leads to a higher rate of victimization.