The National Institute of Mental Health defines mental illness as a disruption in neural circuits. Mental illness is a social phenomenon which has been around since the prehistoric times. It is unequally distributed across social, ethnic and gender groups in the UK. The explanations for these differences rest upon biological, economic, cultural and institutional factors. Despite these, many medical advancements have made to treat mental illnesses. Looking at the history of mental illness, it was a widespread belief that mental illness is caused by spiritual or religious reasons, and rituals were used as the means to treat the individuals similar to today. So what is mental illness? The term itself covers broad of emotional and psychological …show more content…
They are not just prevalent in the UK, but all over the world. Mental health is the main causes of overall burden disease worldwide (Vos.T et al 2013). 1 in 4 people in England will experience mental illness in their lifetime. Mixed anxiety and depression are the most common mental health disorder in Britain. Distributed according to the gradient of economic disadvantages in society. The poorer and more disadvantaged are unequally affected by mental health (Patel .V et al...2010). a mental health problem can affect anyone, regardless their age, gender and social background. Studies have shown that mental health effect man and women differently. More women are diagnosed with common mental health than men, however, male rate of suicide is significantly …show more content…
And some researcher has suggested that this model does not reduce stigma. (Thomas Szasz, 2002) states “Liberation by oppression: a comparative study of slavery and psychiatry”. Szasz argues that mental health is a rhetorical invention itself. Psychiatric often stigmatise by insisting that mental illness problems are brain diseases and most Psychiatrist doesn’t see these things as ‘disease ‘ . Thomas SZAZ claims mental illness would only refer to behavioural deviations that have a well-defined organic basis. Other deviant behaviours the product of “problems of living”. Brown and Harris (1978) found major negative life events make people vulnerable to clinical depression. Other researchers found that certain types of life events are more likely to be associated with a development of mental disorders than others—events that are “no normative, unexpected, uncontrollable, clustered in time.” The key problem with this explanation is that coerced and forced medication is generally wrong and that psychiatrists do not warn individual about many of psychiatric drugs potential side
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In addition, Mr Young was deemed lacking capacity because he scored low with a mini mental state examination (MMSE), his score could have been associated to a UTI or some cognitive impairment, bearing in mind; he’d been diagnosed with dementia. Within the hospital setting this is an ongoing daily challenge across the field and often medical professionals find this challenging. MMSE is primarily based on requiring clients to answer various questions, this does not focus on a specific decision to be made (Dawson & Heath, 2008; Mental Health Foundation, 2012). However, the MMSE could still be useful as part of MCA, ensuring that the client is aware of whom they are, date of birth, time, address, month, year as well as ability to retain information (Mental Health Foundation, 2012).
Mental health is on the rise and many children and young adults do not know where to turn to. It is said that “one in four people will experience mental health problems during their lives (Peate, 2013, p. 374).” Mental health problems can be experienced at any age but are usually predominant in children and young adults. According to the center for disease control and prevention, the definition of mental illness is “disorders generally characterized by dysregulation of mood, thought, and/or behavior, as recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th edition, of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV) (“Mental,” 2016).” School nurses and their teams are the most effective because they are able to recognize the problem and help
In Canada, 1 in 7 people suffer from poverty, this is translated to about 4.8 million people (Just the Facts, 2015). When living in poverty, people are faced with hardships that make it challenging for them to live a proper, healthy life. Living in poverty does correlate with the fact that these families will suffer from a low income. Families that have a low income are more likely to suffer from poor physical and mental health because they are unable to support themselves when it comes to nutrition and cleanly living conditions. Fresh, nutritious, organic foods typically cost much more than freezer and fast foods, charities that help these families do not provide enough fresh foods to maintain a healthy diet, unsanitary living conditions
Mental Health is one of the most pressing issues facing young people in today’s society and the NHS is failing us. A staggering one in ten children and young people aged five to sixteen are affected by a mental health problem in the UK. This is despite the knowledge and awareness of mental health problems. According to the Mental Health Foundation, alarmingly 70% of young people who experience a mental health problem do not receive the appropriate support. The world would be outraged if this was the case for cancer suffers or broken bone victims. The emotional well-being of children and young people is just as important as their physical health. The early years of adulthood are decisive as the body and mind are quickly developing and day in day out young people are faced with new challenges. It is fundamental that
Although we do not know all there is to know about disorders of the nervous system, I believe that it is very plausible that mental illness is mostly the result of disturbances in the nervous system. Although in extreme situtions, some claim things like, "it reduces a complex human activity to a slice of damaged brain tissue" (4). I wouldn't go this far to assume that this is all there is to it, although I also don't believe that all mental illnesses can fit into the same box. While s...
Throughout psychology today there are six different theoretical models that seek to explain and treat abnormal functioning or behavior. These different models have been a result of different ideas and beliefs over the course of history. As psychology began to grow so did the improvements in research techniques. As a result psychologists are able to explain a variety of disorders in terms of the six different theoretical models. In the movie A Beautiful Mind it follows the mathematician John Nash as he struggles with schizophrenia. It an attempt to explain John Nash’s disorder the six different theoretical models will be looked at, they include biological model, psychodynamic model, behavioral model, cognitive model, humanistic model, and socio-cultural model.
Mental illness is any disease or condition that reconstruct the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, relates to others and to his or her surroundings. The symptoms can range from mild to severe, and can be presented in different forms, such as Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder, Anxiety disorder, Depression, and Obsessive compulsive disorder. (NHS Choices, 2013) When mental illness is not being treated appropriately, the individual often find coping with life’s daily routine and demand difficult. There are various models being used in the treatment of mental illness, such as Medical model, Social model, Psychological model and Family models. (Mental HealthCare, 2013)
Mental Illness is defined as “Any of various conditions characterized by impairing an individual’s normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning. It can be caused by social, psychological, biochemical, or genetic factors. Infections or head trauma can also contribute.” (7)
The case study suggests that the most likely principal diagnosis of Molly’s mental disorder is schizophrenia, as evidenced by the presence of its main symptoms. The cognitive-behavioural model proposes that schizophrenia develops from the presence of distorted information processing, as well as from maladaptive learning, which lead to the presence of the psychotic symptoms. This essay examines the aetiology of schizophrenia based on the cognitive-behavioural model: Beck and Rector’s cognitive theory, the five-factor theory of hallucinations, and the stress-vulnerability model. It is followed by critical evaluations of each theory.
Stigmatization of mental health and suicide is a major problem which affects patients and their caregivers around the world. The stigma leads to negative behavior and stereotyping towards the person with mental illness. This causes the person affected by this to fell rejection and to feel shame about their condition. All the stigma leads to underreporting, and data collection methods that is critical to suicide prevention that needs to be improved. So with this the number for mental health and suicide is much higher then what is reported. Mental health is a worldwide issue that no one understands and an issue that
In the past, mental illness was taboo to discuss and there was fear surrounding the topic. However, remarkable strides have been made in figuring out the causes of the disease and weighing the most effective treatments specialized for each specific disease. According to the American Psychotic Association, “A mental illness is a medical condition that disrupts a person's thinking, feeling, mood, ability to relate to others and daily functioning. Just as diabetes is a disorder of the pancreas, mental illnesses are medical conditions that often result in a diminished capacity for coping with the ordinary demands of life.”
Mental illness is the condition that significantly impede with an individual’s emotional, cognitive or social abilities (Savy and Sawyer, 2009). According to (Savy and Sawyer, 2009) neurological, metabolic, genetic and psychological causes are contributing factors for various types of mental illness like depression, schizophrenia, substance abuse and progression of condition. An elaborate system known as DSM-IV-TR gives a classification system that acts to separate mental illness into diagnostic categories based on the description of symptoms of illness (Savy and Sawyer, 2009). The exact primarily causes of mental illness are complicated, however, it seems to occur in a psychologically and biologically prone individual, in the trigger of environmental and social stress (Elder, Evans and Nizette, 2007).