Mental Illness And Mental Health

902 Words4 Pages
People often see mental illness as a unique and modern phenomenon, but the reality is chemical, physical, and genetic influences have been causing illnesses since the conception of human existence. Mental disorders affect one in every four people and have done so for a very long time. The treatments for people with mental health concerns are what have crucially undergone radical transformation throughout the course of time. The first mental asylums can be traced back nearly 19 centuries ago in remote, foreign countries, but before there were intuitions and places for the sick to reside, families who had members suffering from mental health disorders were under obligation to keep their sick relatives amongst them in their own homes. Whether it may be in the home of their loved ones or locked away in an institution, most suffers of mental disorders have been treated as prisoners, rather than patients. The significant amount of change on mental health treatment boils down to the different methods for curing, the patient’s living conditions, and how the higher authority within these centers of containment treated their ill patients. To compare and contrast, the advancements of mental health care have changed substantially from the 19th century to present day, 21st century. It wasn’t until the 19th century that urbanization allowed greater access to mental asylums and treatments began to flourish. This century was an era where specialized institutions for the mentally ill were undergoing explosive growth. Accompanying the greater access and rapid expansion, people who had mental illnesses were placed in institutions that were complete luxury compared to living conditions in earlier times. With greater access now available to faciliti... ... middle of paper ... ...and show improvements in their patient’s lives and illnesses. Today, treatments include a range of methods from drug prescriptions, therapies, and even invasive procedures such as neurosurgery for mental disorders. Modern treatment methods are often categorized as somatic or psychotherapeutic treatments. Somatic treatments are treatments such as drug therapy and electroconvulsive therapy, while psychotherapy as a broad category includes individual, group, or family related psychotherapy, behavior therapy, and hypnotherapy (Porter, Kaplan, & Homeier, 2009). The days of mentally disturbed patients enduring incapacitating anguish and being locked away like prisoners are gone. Better treatments have arose and better living conditions. Overcrowding is no longer a problem and inspectors keep modern day mental institutions impeccable compared to early century facilities.

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