This leading many to call United States prison “mental asylums”. This problem I believe stems from the fact that there is an abundant amount of local jails and prisons to number of asylums that we have. Being mentally ill has proven to being a major contributor to the amount of people being homeless. “As states continue to close down psychiatric facilities, there will be an increasing number of individuals with serious mental illness who are homeless” Many homeless people in the United States don’t know of a safe and legal place to sleep leaving many of them getting fined with fees in which they cannot pay or even getting arrested. Those who may be homeless due to their mental illness are not in the streets because they choose to be, most of the time they have no other option.
Although movements have been made to improve conditions in insane asylums, and were said to help and treat the mentally ill, these brutally abusive places were full of disease and disorder, and were more like concentration camps similar to those in Europe during WWII than hospitals. Like the majority of the world, people in the United States did not support the mental institutions necessary for the insane to be properly cared for. For example, the federal government of the United States wanted no part in funding and supporting these institutions, and left that power to the states. The state governments often times neglected the asylums and would not fund them, leaving the unfunded asylums without resources or money. Dorothea Dix, a reformer of the 1800s, saw what the state and federal governments were doing to these poor mentally ill people and made several movements to improve living conditions and better the funding towards maintenance and treatment in these mental institutions.
These treatments did not prove to be effective and soon the hospitals became overcrowded. In the 1800s, Dorothea Dix was an advocate for the mental health population. She traveled across the United States visiting people who were in jails, poorhouses, as well as barns and was horrified by the conditions in which these people lived. (Smark, 2008). Dix documented all of the conditions she saw throughout her research.
They believed prisons did not deserve the research money because of the crimes they committed and because of the kind of people they are. What these health agencies do not realize is that AIDS is rapidly spreading in prisons and that is not good so they should reconsider spending money toward research of AIDS in prisons. My second proof as to why the American public lacks interest in AIDS is the spread of the disease in foreign countries. AIDS is being spread in all countries such as Zimbabwe, Kenya, Great Britain, France and Canada. The American public does not care about the countries but they should.
Porter contends that: Many felt that the mentally ill brought it upon themselves, through moral or religious transgressions. They felt that gods or other spirits were punishing these “criminals” with illness. Others were thought to be under the spell of evil spirits, the devil, or the vi... ... middle of paper ... ...ng released, believing that independent living was the answer. It is believed that “in the 1980s, it was estimated that one-third of all homeless individuals in America were considered severely mentally ill.”(Foershner) Today, the most widely acclaimed and effective method for treating mental illness is to use both medication and also some type of therapy based on the diagnosed disorder together. Perceptions of mental health have changed dramatically since the 1800s and will continue to advance as more is learned about the human mind.
I think the stigma our society puts on mental illness is absolutely crippling. Even more detrimental, is the notion that when we talk about these mass shooting we should not talk about the mental illness the shooters suffered from because that causes negative stigma. Refusing to acknowledge proven signs and symptoms of mental illness does not fix the problem, and it does not bring awareness to society. It is wrong to connect all mental... ... middle of paper ... ...imes. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/19/us/politics/mental-health-again-an- issue-in-gun-debate.html?_r=0 Rosenthal B.
This paper will explore the increasing incarceration rate of the mentally ill in the jails and prisons of the United States, the lack of medical services available to the mentally ill, the roles of the police, the correctional officers and the community and the revolving door phenomenon (Soderstrom, 2007). It will also review some of the existing and present policies that have been ineffective and present new policies that can be effective with the proper resources and training. The main objective of this paper is to illustrate that the criminalization of the mentally ill has become a public health problem and that our policy should focus more on rehabilitation rather than punishment. A huge factor in the prevalence of mental health problems in United States prison and jail inmates is believed to be due to the policy of deinstitutionalization. Many of the mentally ill were treated in publicly funded hospitals up until the 1960’s.
Mental illness and criminal behavior have been linked for centuries. Lack of understanding and acceptance of mental illness has led to torture and imprisonment of the individuals suffering from psychiatric disorders. While there has been a consensus among mental health, criminal justice professionals and the general public that the current system is a failure, there have been few attempts to correct the situation. These attempts are often short lived due to the lack of government funding for mental health services as well as society as a whole misunderstanding mental illness. Mental illnesses are a major disorder; affecting our mood and behavior.
were males, 7221, and the rest 564 were females. In order to see if the participates had any sort of mental illness they looked at self reported treatment, related to mental health (Biltz). The results of this study found that the amount of inmates that participating in this study had a disproportionally number of inmates with mental healthy that were physically victimized. According to this study prisons are a violent and unsafe place for people who suffer from mental illness (Biltz). Male inmates who suffered from any form of mental illness were nearly 1.6 times more likely to be physically victimized while in prison.
Treatments are much more successful, however, many people still avoid seeking treatment. Despite the laws in place and increased knowledge, discrimination and bullying towards people with mental health disorders still occurs. To summarise, the prevention measures being taken to get rid of the stigma surrounding mental health disorders have not completely removed the problems that exist, however, there has been massive improvements within the last few centuries. Are sufficient efforts being made by mental health professionals and the general public to put a stop to discrimination against people with mental health illnesses? In short, no.