Mental, Health, And The Resilience Of Mental Health

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Mental health describes a level of psychological well-being, or an absence of a mental disorder. From the perspective of 'positive psychology' or 'holism', mental health may include an individual's ability to enjoy life, and create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. Mental health can also be defined as an expression of emotions, and as signifying a successful adaptation to a range of demands. Positive mental health is more than the absence of a mental illness (WHO, 2007). The Public Health Agency of Canada defines mental health as:“the capacity of each and all of us to feel, think, and act in ways that enhance our ability to enjoy life and deal with the challenges we face. It is the positive sense of emotional and spiritual well-being that respects the importance of culture, equity, social justice, interconnections and personal dignity”. (Government of Canada, 2006; Lakaski and Trottier, unpublished) Having positive mental health means having the ability to enjoy life, deal with life’s challenges, emotional and spiritual wellbeing and social connections, and respecting culture, equity, social justice and personal dignity (CIHI, 2009). Positive mental health is often referred to as “flourishing,” that is having positive emotional, psychological and social wellbeing (Keyes, 2007). The World Health Organization defines mental health as "a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”. Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel and act as we cope with l... ... middle of paper ... ...ed in countries of the world other than the U.S.A) though recent evidence stemming from positive psychology suggests mental health is more than the mere absence of a mental disorder or illness. Quite simply, mental health refers to a person’s health of the mind. Therefore the impact of social, cultural, physical and education can all affect someone's mental health. Cultural and religious considerations Mental health is a socially constructed and socially defined concept; that is, different societies, groups, cultures, institutions and professions have very different ways of conceptualizing its nature and causes, determining what is mentally healthy, and deciding what interventions, if any, are appropriate. Thus, different professionals will have different cultural, class, political and religious backgrounds, which will impact the methodology applied during treatment.

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