The social determinants of health are unequally distributed across ethnic groups, leading to unjust and preventable inequalities in health. In the article “The Dynamics of Diversity: evidence from the 2011 Census” many of the inequalities between ethnic groups across England are shown. Some of the findings are that inequalities are seen in the health of Pakistani and Bangladeshi women. Their illness rates have both been 10% higher than White women in 1991, 2001 and
The income deemed necessary to meet basic living needs determines a poverty line. Those living “under” the poverty line are regarded as “poor” or “in danger of poverty”. Social inequality is the comparison of material levels between different groups of society. In this case, it is between those who have the least and the other groups. Studies have found higher homicide rates in areas with a greater degree of economic inequality and have found it to be a more significant component than poverty.
1, 12). Accessibility to PHC has the objective to create equity within society and health care, this eliminates social, economic and environmental disadvantages (McMurray & Clendon, 2011, p. 37). Accessibility has developed a link between poverty and poor health care by observing adult and infant mortality rates showing a disproporti... ... middle of paper ... ...PHC based on the PHC principles has resulted in a fatal consequence (Liamputtong, Fanany, & Verrinder, 2012, p. 9; McMurray & Clendon, 2011, pp. 36-44). Therefore the PHC principles and social determinants are used to establish access to health and high finances for health care hence proving that PHC is inequitable to low socioeconomic individuals and those that live in rural and remote areas (Liamputtong, Fanany, & Verrinder, 2012, p. 14; McMurray & Clendon, 2011, pp.
Racism, viewed from a structuralist explanation, sees poor health situated outside individual control, placing greater stress on social and cultural factors (Julian, 2009). The Weberian and feminist perspective is a particular view that stems from this approach. It is a complex interrelationship between class and ethnicity, specifically affecting the experience of racism among minority groups (Julian, 2009). This gives reason that agency, the ability to have control over your life, is a contributing factor towards reports of racial discrimination as it is not controlled by the individual (Germov, 2009). An ethnic identity is considered... ... middle of paper ... ...e treatment strategies (Stronks et al., 2013).
The factors that cause the health disparities are as following: • The access to healthcare is poor. • Poverty. • Increased contact to environmental problems. • The level of education is inadequate • Individual and behavioral factors There can be higher rates of occurrence associated with certain diseases even more deaths and suffering from them compared to others. These groups may be classified on basis of the following: • Race
The corrosive effects of inequality on health are strongly associated with poorer outcomes. As a matter of fact, the level of inequality in any given stratum of society may be more significant than the overall level of wealth for a society and its major health conditions. In a book called ‘The spirit level: Why Greater Equality Makes Societies Stronger’, epidemiologists Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett provide an overview based on medical and socio-logical research that links inequality to poor outcomes not only in health, but also in other social determinants such as education, crime rates and violence, social mobility.  By becoming aware of that, Richard Wilkinson described how life expectancy varies throughout societies. The key point is that, among the developed countries, it is not the richest societies which have the best health, but those that have smallest income differences between rich and poor.
title of website or page? YOUR HEALTH IS YOUR WEALTH Research has shown that there is a direct correlation with unequal societies and poor heatlh. The findings suggest that determining health in a society, is dependent on how wealth is distributed. Past data has indicated that there is better life expectancy where their is more equal distribution of income. The most unequal places have the highest death rates, with a small decline Policies that address equal income distribution have a large impact on health of the population.
This essay reviews a selection of the literature on healthcare-related inequalities, with the aim of illuminating how we can differentiate between fair and unfair, and between avoidable and unavoidable, inequalities in health. This essay also reviews some of the more common methods used to measure healthcare inequalities and discusses their limitations. Some policy considerations are provided at the end. In a society, inequalities in health outcomes, healthcare access and healthcare utilisation are caused by a myriad of factors. In order to appreciate whether an inequality is fair or unfair, and avoidable or unavoidable, we should avail ourselves to the approach proposed by Fleurbaey and Schokkaert (2009).
Personal Responses Global Perspective SOC4001 Prepared by: Saiaf Bareem Prepared for: Julie Gregory Algonquin College 2015 Global Inequality and Poverty It would be correct to say that global inequality and poverty is a serious issue for different nations. There have been cases that rich is becoming more rich and poor poorer. In the presentation, group has been able to make certain relevant questions about global inequality and poverty. It would be an alarming fact to state that half percent of the population controls more than 33 percent of world trade. The group has raised a pertinent question of relationship between inequality and poverty.
He believes income inequality is most important explanation of social disasters. A great definition of Wilkinson’s income inequality hypothesis is, “an individual’s health is influenced not only by their own level of income, but by the level of inequality in the area in which they live.” (DeMaio 2010 p. 60). Wilkinson suggests four pathways that explain why income inequality is a social determinant of health. WILKINSON’S EVIDENCE Wilkinson hypothesizes that income makes a difference as a social determinant of health within but not between industrialized countries (DeMaio 2010, p. 61). In the areas where income matters within is referred to as “the social gradi... ... middle of paper ... ...be the focus of one study instead of being compared to countries with unequal population inequalities.