Mental Health And Depressive Disorders

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Introduction Mental health is considered as a base of wellbeing, and a perception that may differ in terms of different culture, context or places (1, 2). It is an essential component for human being that helps them leading quality life and becoming creative and active (3). However, mental health can hinder due to inconsistence mental or behavioural pattern and cause mental or psychiatric disorder or illness. As a result, a person may become incapable and isolated to communicate with the family and community members, friends, and relatives, and may suffer for distress, disability, and trauma. Human behaviour could be affected by many diverse types of mental disorders such as anxiety disorder, mood disorder, bipolar disorder, psychotic disorder, personality disorder, depressive disorder and many more. However, depressive disorders are the widespread mental health disorders that happen in all aged people around the different regions of the world (4, 5). The depressive disorder was reported as a leading cause of Global Burden of Disease (GBD) in 1990 and 2000 studies that shifted from a ranking of 15th in 1990 to 11th in 2010 that accounts 10% of global burden of disease which is also projected to boost up to 15% by 2020 (6). This shift changed global focus on depressive disorders as an emerging public health agenda and a leading cause of burden in both developing and developed countries (4, 7). This paper mainly focuses on the depressive disorder aspects of mental health in the perspective of a developed country named Australia in which this particular disorder accounts 14% of burden and contributes to the third highest burden of all diseases in the country (8). The aim of this paper is to explore the trends in depressive d... ... middle of paper ... ...entions, and, the young adults can be the next focus as the prevalence is increasing among themselves(21). Also, engaging the community people, strengthening family and social ties, and crating supportive environment can build better mental health together. The problem lies in individualistic and self-cantered living style that makes a person isolated and vulnerable to share and seek help during crisis moment. The burden has to be understood by the community as a whole, so that the burden can be faced and reduced as a whole. Finally, there is a need of further anthropological and behavioural science based researches to explore communal perceptions, beliefs, norms, and behavioural patterns to better understand the nature of metal health problems and expectations of Australians that can support evidence to promote future initiatives and successful interventions.

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