Not everyone with depressive illnesses experience the same symptoms. The symptoms can range from mild to severe, depending on how much they interfere with the person’s life. Symptoms can include continued feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or guilt. They can also include feeling worthless, helpless, or irritability. The problem with this is that not everyone shows the signs or symptoms of depression the same way.
When asked to imagine a depressed individual, many would probably imagine a person with a sad expression, contemplating suicide. Depression is far more complicated than it appears to be. Just like many other mental disorders, there are a conglomeration of symptoms, and not every person shares the same symptoms as their counterpart does. This causes difficulty in categorizing someone as depressive. Merriam-Webster characterizes depression as “a serious medical condition in which a person feels very sad, hopeless, and unimportant and often is unable to live in a normal way.” There are a multitude of misconceptions about depression such as that it’s about feeling sad, it’s temporary, and that it cannot be treated.
It is a total body illness (Curtis, p. 132)”. Major depressive disorder, also know as clinical depression, is the serious and often disabling for of depression that can occur as a single episode or as a series of depressive episodes over a lifetime. A single episode may last as little as two weeks or as long as months to years (Mondimore, 1990). Some people will have only one episode with full recovery. Others recover from the initial episode only to experience another episode months to years later.
People with severe cases of major depression can’t work, study, or interact and eventually can’t feed, clothe or clean themselves (Hales 38).Manic depression is a type of depression that goes from a person being extremely happy and then becoming severely depressed (Kist 107). Being in a depressed state can be life threatening. People suffering from manic depression show many symptoms. A few major ones are hyperactivity; talking fast, inability, fear of dying, and jumping from one topic to another during a conversation (Kist 39). Another type is Psychoanalysis.
Major depression involves excessive sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed. The symptoms must last at least two weeks and go along with other physical and mental symptoms. The feelings you used to feel, your “normal” feelings, may come back, but without treatment, the depression will return. About 8 percent of people experience this form of depression at some point in their lives. People with chronic depression have the same severe down feelings of someone with major depression, but instead they suffer from a nagging feeling of emptiness that never seems to go away.
It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. There are different types of depression that take place under unique circumstances which includes persistent depressive disorder, perinatal depression, psychotic depression, and seasonal affective disorder. Persistent depressive disorder is a depressive mood that lasts for at least two years. Perinatal depression is what a woman can experience while she is pregnant or after she has delivered. It is more serious than “baby blues” and it makes things very hard for the mother and ultimately the baby.
Depression comes in nine forms. The most common form of depression is Major Depression. People experiencing major depression may have symptoms of sadness, irritability, and lack of energy, difficulty concentrating, hopelessness, and changes in eating or sleeping habits. Dysthymia, The primary symptom of Dysthymia is down, or sulky mood that can last for weeks. In adolescents and children, the mood can appear that the patient is agitated more than they appear to be depressed and last up to 1 year.
Two of the main types are clinical depression and dysthymia. Clinical depression (also known as major depression) is known to be the most common and most severe form of depression. It is defined by having constant feelings of sadness, hopeless, and worthlessness that do not go away on their own. Clinical depression is a serious clinical mood disorder that interferes with a person’s everyday life for weeks to months at a time. As mentioned before this form of depression is linked to chemical changes in the brain and everyday life stressors.
Major depression is also known as clinical depression. Major depression is a deep sadness that disrupts all normal, regular activities. This may include weakness or loss of energy, recurring thoughts of suicide, feelings of worthlessness, and substantial weight loss or gain. “It is one of the most prevalent and disabling form of depression, affecting more than 16% of U.S. adults during their lifetime” (Gartlener, Gaynes, Amick, Asher, Morgan, Coker-Schwimmer & Lohr, 2016). “Postpartum depression, one of the most common complications after childbirth, is a common, potentially disabling and even life-threatening disease” (Madar & Baban, 2015).
It is highly likely for someone with an anxiety disorder to also be suffering from depression, or the other way around. 50% of those diagnosed with depression are also diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. What is depression? “Depression is a condition in which a person feels discouraged, sad, hopeless, unmotivated or disinterested in life in general. When these feelings last for a short period of time, it may be a case of "the blues"” (Understanding the Facts), but when such feelings last for more than two weeks and when the feelings interfere with daily activities it is likely that you may be in a major depressive state.