Adolf Myer argued that diagnostic categories where often to stringent and believed that a more flexible approach to defining Schizophrenia was necessary. Kansnin then found that some patients showed signs schizophrenia combined with symptoms from other disorders. The concept of schizophrenia was also broadened by Hoch who believed that schizophrenia often disguises itself has other disorders. As a result a lot of people who would normally have been diagnosed with personality disorders or neurosis, where diagnosed has having schizophrenia. After the publication of DSM III the American definition moved away from the very broad definition of schizophrenia, to a more controlled approach that meant that less people are now wrongly diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Hallucinations, usually the same ones over and over, take control of a person and leave them feeling victimized. Delusions are also a very common positive symptom of schizophrenia. Delusions are false believes or misinterpretations of events and their significance. For instance, a person with schizophrenia could ac... ... middle of paper ... ...e undifferentiated and residual. Undifferentiated is when they have many symptoms that do not fall into a sub category of schizophrenia, and residual is when the main symptoms of the illness have abated but some features, such as hallucinations and flat affect, may remain.
They may also make up words or phrases, change topic rapidly, or unnecessarily rhyme words. Catatonic schizophrenia is categorized as someone having trouble with moving, refusing to move, excessive movement, bizarre movements, and/or repetition of what others say or do. Residual schizophrenia is classified as when the patient suffered from symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, catatonic behavior, disorganized behavior, or disorganized speech, but the severity of these symptoms has diminished. Symptoms such as limited verbal expression, loss of initiative, or little to no expression of emotions are now prominent. Undifferentiated schizophrenia is known as when a patient encounters episodes wi... ... middle of paper ... ...bout this brain disorder can help the patient understand it better which helps them surpass their symptoms and understand how medication may be useful.
Many Patients also show negative symptoms, such as decreased emotional arousal, mental activity, and social drive. Schizophrenia is often confused with split personality, but it is not the same, Though in reality schizophrenia means “split mind”. Many scientists believe there are four types of schizophrenia. First of all there is the simple or “undifferentiated” type, which is characterized by a gradual reduction in the external relations and interests. Next there is the “hebephrenic” or disorganized type, it is characterized by delusions and false perceptions.
It is a disorder characterized by major disturbances in perception, language, thought, emotion, and behavior. (Huffman, 2012) The symptoms of schizophrenia happen in episodes rather than consistently. Hallucinations and delusions are the most common symptoms in schizophrenia. Two groups of symptoms also include positive and negative symptoms, (Huffman, 2012) Medications and professional therapy can reduce the risk of future psychotic episodes and improve relationships (Huffman, 2012) In conclusion people can live with schizophrenia every day of their life, but it has to be manageable with the right medication. For others it’s a day to day battle that only they would understand.
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric behavioral disorder that causes patients to causes a split from reality in patients. Symptoms include disorganized thinking, inability function socially, inability to distinguish between allusions and reality, agitated body movements, hallucinations, and delusions. This is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that occurs in about 1% of the population. There is no cure for schizophrenia. Treatments include antipsychotic medications that come with a slew of negative side effects, psychosocial treatments, illness management skill therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy.
Schizophrenia is one of the most serious mental health disorders and it is treated with combination of medication and therapy. Although some may recover from the disorder but the symptoms might return. Living with schizophrenia it can be is manageable and also it is possible to reduce the chances of severe relapse by recognising the symptoms, taking the medication and talking about the condition to others. On this assignment will evaluate the diagnosis and treatment for schizophrenia. Also discuss the symptoms in a positive and negative way along with the process of diagnosis.
With the mental disorder, “positive” and negative symptoms occur. “Positive” symptoms include: hallucinations, messy speech, delusions, and catatonic behavior. Negative symptoms include: loss of interest and drive, roller coaster emotions, the difficulty to extract obvious hints, and come across as being in a mood that is difficult to understand, such as depression (Frankenburg 1). Schizophrenia has been studied and determined to have five different categories. Paranoid schizophrenia is apparent when the patient shows signs of being suspicious and a thought of always being persecuted.
Often, additional drugs, such as antianxiety medications or antidepressants, may be used to treat side effects of the antipsychotic medicines or other symptoms related to the schizophrenia, including stiffness, tremors, and depression. Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy by itself is of little value without medication, and vice versa. While medication can be effective in relieving psychotic symptoms, psychotherapy can help with behavioral symptoms such as socialization and communicating appropriately. Supportive and sympathetic psychotherapy helps these patients understand their disease and re-enter society and family life.
These categories define how the symptoms are defined and treated. Positive symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized behavior, disorganized speech and thinking, difficulty to be goal oriented, the schizophrenic is unpredictable, silly, or exhibits behaviors that are bizarre to onlookers. Other positive symptoms include catatonic behaviors, which would be a decrease in reaction to the current environment. Positive symptoms, which do not occur very often, are unusual motor behavior, derealization, depersonalization and somatic preoccupations. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia include affective flattening, which is a reduction in the range and intensity of emotional expressions, Alogia categorized by a lessening of speech fluency and productivity, and Avolition, which is the reduction, or difficulty to initiate and persist in goal directed behavior.