Bipolar disorder is classified as a chronic illness that may require a life-long treatment plan to keep under control. Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive disorder. A person that has bipolar disorder can experience drastic variations in their moods ranging from manic highs to depressive lows. Bipolar experiences can vary all depending on the individual. Through this paper we will look at the influences, causes, symptoms, and treatments of this disease.
Bipolar disorder, also called manic depression disorder/illness can be defined in many ways. One definition is a mood disorder in which a person swings back and forth between wild euphoria and frenetic bursts of energy (the manic phase) to such deep, dark, and overwhelming depression that a person may contemplate or attempt suicide. (Hirshkowitz & Smith, 2004, p. 107) This illness/disorder seems to affect both men and women in about equal numbers and can get increasingly worse if left undiagnosed or even untreated.
Bipolar disorder was formerly known as manic-depressive disorder, named after the two “poles” of the condition. Bipolar disorder is the extreme swings of mood and activities level. A person will wing from one pole to the next with no warning. Depressions and lethargy are one end of the spectrum of emotions and extreme elation and hyperactivity is the other end. This disorder is alternate periods of mania. A person could go years without going to either extreme or they could constantly go back and forth from each side of the spectrum. There are about five levels in the spectrum, the two farthest apart are extreme depression and the maniac phase. The next two in are mild depression and some elation and agitation. Right in the middle of the spectrum is the calm, people show no signs of the disorder and carry on like a normal human being. The maniac phase is very wild and uncontrolled, the depression phase is very lonely and painful; although scientists have yet to find the exact cause of the disorder there are treatments that can help this disorder.
Bipolar disorder I is a mood disorder characterized by periods of manic behavior alternating with major depression. “Bipolar disorder affects about five million seven hundred thousand adult Americans each year”, says the national institute of health. There are two types of Bipolar disorder; there is Bipolar disorder one and two. Bipolar Disorder I is requires at least one manic episode and in 80-90% of cases, people also experience depression. A manic episode is defined as a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood lasting at least one week or more. Some symptoms that distinguish the difference between bipolar I are: agitation, suicidal, family history of bipolar disorder, increased frequency of depressive episodes, and usually found in younger ages. Although the bipolar one should be treated properly, bipolar one in most cases needs more attention/treatment. With that being said, if someone with bipolar one disorder is not in a healthy environment for someone who is bipolar than the affects can be horrible. Having Bipolar disorder is said to take nine years off your life expectancy.
Bipolar disorder, as defined by the Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, is a mood disorder that causes a person to suffer extreme emotional changes and shifts in mood. Previously known as manic-depressive disorder, bipolar disorder causes alternate periods of mania and depression. To fully understand the effects of this disease, it is important to comprehend the meanings of mania and depression. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary defines mania as “excitement manifested by mental and physical hyperactivity, disorganization of behavior, and elevation of mood.” Depression, on the other hand, is defined as “a psychiatric disorder characterized by an inability to concentrate, insomnia, loss of appetite, feelings of extreme sadness, guilt, helplessness and hopelessness, and thoughts of death.” (Merriam-Webster). The combination of the two results in emotional chaos.
Bipolar disorder affects over 4.4%, or ten million people in the United States, and 2.4% of people worldwide according to the National Alliance on Mental Illnesses (Nordqvist, 2014, What is bipolar disorder section, para. 3). According to Comer (2013), bipolar disorder is defined as a psychological state in which a person experiences radical changes in mood including both the lows of depression and the highs of mania (p. 244). Not only does bipolar disorder affect mood, but it also affects energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day to day tasks. It can affect relationships and school performance, and in some cases, it may even lead to suicide. It is normal for everyone to go through ups and downs from time to time, but the symptoms of bipolar disorder are much more severe. Because of this, bipolar disorder is not easy to diagnose and many people suffer for years before actually being diagnosed. It is a long term illness that usually starts in late teens or early adulthood, but symptoms may develop in childhood or later in life for others (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2009, What is bipolar disorder section, para. 1). Bipolar disorder, however, is treatable and patients are able to lead productive lives and perform well with the proper care, management, and medication (Nordqvist, 2014, What is bipolar disorder section, para. 2).
Bipolar Disorder (Formerly known as Manic Depression) is a mental illness linked to alterations in moods such as mood swings, mania, and depression. There is more than one type, Bipolar I and Bipolar II, and the subcategories are divided by the severity of the symptoms seen, such as cyclothymic disorder, seasonal mood changes, rapid cycling disorder and psychosis. Age of onset usually occurs between 15-30 years old with an average onset of 25 years old but it can affect all ages. (Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital , 2013) Bipolar disorder affects more than two million people in the United States every year. (Gardner, 2011)
When a person pressures someone to do something, it can lead to depression because they might not enjoy what they are forced to do. This one example of how misery and stress are added to a person’s life, resulting in depression. Many people tend to confuse bipolar disorder with depression and therefore it is imperative to learn the difference between both and encourage individuals who might be experiencing a mood disorder to seek medical help as soon as possible. The main difference between bipolar disorder and depression are the mania symptoms. Bipolar disorder is a condition that involves shifts in a person's mood from severe depression to manic phases accompanied with feelings of excessive excitement or irritability, extreme elation, and delusions of
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, “Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks”. Furthermore, in this paper I will be discussing bipolar disorder and a case involving a woman named Mary. Mary is a middle-aged Caucasian woman that is married and I’m assuming is living in mental institution because in her interview she explains that her husband came to visit and she fought him so he would leave. Aside from her living situation, Mary tells the interviewer that her mother had cancer of the spinal cord when Mary was 11 years old and was later paralyzed and died 61 years later. While watching
Bipolar disorder, as known manic depressive illness, is a disorder that causes unusual changes in a persons mood, activity levels, and ability to be able manage tasks through the day. Symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. The ups and downs that everyone goes through from their own experience. Bipolar disorder may result in broken friendships, or sense of normal interaction in performance, and the worst in it is the suicide. But it can be managed, and those with this Illness can live a very