Meningitis Essay

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges and affects the brain and spinal cord. There are five types of meningitis: viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and non-infectious meningitis. The symptoms are somewhat similar, though the causes and recommended treatments differ. Bacterial meningitis is the most contagious type of meningitis. All types of meningitis can be very debilitating to your health if not treated promptly (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2014).
According to Krysta Peterson, bacterial meningitis was first discovered in Switzerland in 1805 by Gaspard Vieusseux. The bacterium was first identified as Neisseria intracellularis by Anton Weichselbaum. This bacterium is now known as Neisseria meningitidis and can only infect humans (Peterson, n.d.).
According to Dr. Varnada Karriem-Norwood, bacterial meningitis is caused by bacteria such as Neisseria meningitidis. These bacteria cause the meninges that cover the brain and spinal cord to swell which decreases the blood flow to the brain, which can cause paralysis. The bacteria travel to your brain after entering the body through the respiratory system (Karriem-Norwood, 2014).
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, parasitic meningitis is caused by an amoeba entering the brain and destroying brain tissue. The amoeba enters through the nose and can only infect humans in the first stage of its life cycle, in which they are known as ameboid trophozoites. They are single-celled organisms and they reproduce by promitosis. They are also thermophilic, which explains the increased amount of parasitic meningitis cases in the summer.
Bacterial meningitis is caused by six...

... middle of paper ... containing fungi and digging or working in dusty environments.
Noninfectious meningitis is caused by cancer, lupus, or brain surgery. Preventive measures could include taking measures to improve or maintain a strong immune system, avoiding head injury and taking cancer preventive steps such as yearly examinations. Otherwise, there are no preventive measures linked to this specific type of meningitis (CDC, 2014).
According to the European Graduate School, a famous person that died from meningitis was Oscar Wilde. Oscar Wilde was an Irish poet and author in the nineteenth century. He died of meningitis at the age of forty-six. He traveled frequently and some think that he died from syphilis. He married Constance Mary Lloyd but was charged with sodomy and received two years of labor for having an affair with Lord Alfred Douglas (European Graduate School, 2014).

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