Medical Model And Social Model

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The Deaf Community in Relation to the Medical Model and the Social Model
The Social Model and the Medical Model both are bodies with the primary aim of aiding and uplifting the Deaf Community, however, the two models have different ways in which they communicate this aim across, as well as achieve their objectives. The models are also distinct in the fact that they do not view the Deaf community in the same way nor do they place emphasis and focus on the same things. This essay shall discuss the two models in relation to the Deaf Community by making close reference to appropriate sources.
The Medical Model
The Medical Model is one of the approaches used to understand people with disabilities, and is ‘concerned with the origin, degree, type of loss and the onset’ of a certain disability (Munoz-Baell &Ruiz, 2000; 54:40-44). This approach views a disability as something no human being wants and should be avoided at all costs if possible (Models-Deafness, 2005). The Medical Model aims to treat people with disabilities, but before treatment can take place they need to study the disabilities and conduct experiments. In some cases the tests and investigations conducted violate the subject’s (disabled person/people being studied) fundamental human rights (Chenoweth, 1995; 36). As stated in the Integrated National Disability Strategy (INDS) : Models of Disability (1997) the Medical Model is made up of establishments that cater to people with disabilities in terms of ‘providing treatment or alternatives’ to their impairment. Although they have good intentions (to assist the disabled) this models interventions result in disabled people being dependent on these institutions and the government.
Its interventions are also mainly f...

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The differences between the two models in relation to the Deaf community which is a community defined by a ‘common language, culture and collective identity,’ (Glichman & Harvey) is that the Social Model views deafness as a condition that should be grasped, appreciated and conserved as opposed to the Medical view which is that deafness is a condition that should be ‘treated/cured’ (Middleton, Hewison & Mueller, 1998) as well as ‘avoided’ (Models-deafness, 2005). The medical model provides treatment and alternatives to being deaf. Such as Cochlear implants which is a device that mimics sound for deaf people, however, it doesn’t eliminate deafness (Cochlear Implants and the Death of Deaf Culture, 2013). On the other hand the Social Model encourages education for the deaf at an early age for persons diagnosed with the condition (Models-deafness, 2005).
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