The Chorus in Medea consists of middle-aged Corinthian women who are present on-stage throughout the entire play. They defy their customary purpose of solely observing, and instead in Medea, they give their opinion on the events of the production and directly speak to the characters. For an instance, they warn Jason by saying: “you are acting wrongly in thus abandoning your wife” (p. 34). In this quotation, they voice the audience’s thoughts and feelings, while foreshadowing the consequences of the events. The Nurse also shares a similar role with the Chorus.
As the famous Greek playwright Euripides once said: “Stronger than lover's love is lover's hate. Incurable, in each, the wounds they make.” Such ideas are portrayed in one of him most famous plays, Medea. This play is a fascinating classic centered on the Greek goddess Medea. Despite its recent fame, during his time, Euripides was unpopular since he used what would be considered a ‘modern’ view where he would focus on women, slaves and persons from the lower classes. In the play, Medea commits filicide, which initially appears extremely horrendous, but as the audience is guided through the play, they develop sympathy towards Medea.
We sympathize for Aegeus in his ignorance. Medea now has confidence in her plan, so she reveals it to the women of Corinth. She is going to send her children to Jason’s bride with a poisoned dress that will make her die in agony. We are still compelled to sympathize with Medea at this point because she has justified her reasons for seeking revenge. However, the princess is oblivious to Medea’s plot; she will accept the gift for its beauty then meet an unexpected, agonized death.
He begins both tales drawing forth our contempt for the matters at hand, then ends both tales with images that arouse our pity. Throughout each story, our emotions sway between pity and disgust. Even though incest disgusts us, we sympathize with Byblis and Myrrha as they seek incestuous loves. Byblis' broken heart arouses our sympathy, yet Myrrha's "fulfilled heart" disgusts us. Ovid devalues our sympathy by showing how unstable we are with our emotions.
Although Medea is portrayed as the villain in the play due to her actions and rage, indirect/direct characterization from herself, other characters, and most importantly, the chorus, all reveal a deeper understanding as to why Medea did what she did and how she felt in the midst of all these problems she faced. The play, from the very beginning, opens with drama and tension; Jason has left Medea, as well as his two children, and he hopes to soon be able to marry Glauce. From the first dialogue, the Nurse, begins to slowly reveal Medea’s pain, her suffering, her loss of understanding why: “Then my mistress, Medea, never would've sailed away to the towers in the land of Iolcus, her heart passionately in love with Jason. She'd never have convinced those women, Pelias' daughters, to kill their father.” It is revealed and inferred throughout the play, possibly before the play even begins that Medea is head over heals in love with Jason. She would do anything in her rightful power to help and be with this man; which included killing her younger brother, Absyrtus, and scattering his decapitated body over various oceans and realms of land.
Euripides showed his interest in psychology in his many understanding portraits of women ('World Book';). Euripides choice of women support characters such as the nurse and the chorus is imperative to the magnification of Medea's emotions. The very fact that the nurse and chorus are female deepens Medea's sadness, impassions her anger, and makes the crime of killing her own children all the more heinous. Medea's state of mind in the beginning of the play is that of hopelessness and self pity. Medea is both woman and foreigner; that is to say, in terms of the audience's prejudice and practice she is a representative of the two free born groups in Athenian society that had almost no rights at all ('Norton Anthology'; 739).
Despite the appalling relationships in question, each young girl provides concrete support and speaks in such a way that provokes pity for her plight. Their paths of reasoning coincide, but Byblis starts where Myrrha's ends, and visa versa; Myrrha begins where Byblis' concludes. The language used by Byblis and Myrrha arouses sympathy. Right away, Byblis exclaims, "What misery is mine!" to draw attention to her suffering (Mandelbaum 308).
I believe that Miller mentions Abigail's past on an attempt to get the audience/readers to sympathise with Abigail. It is as if he informs the viewers/readers of her traumatic life in order for us to forgive her, or at least feel sorry for her, so we may excuse the heinous crimes she later commits in the play. The fact that Abigail sees such brutality and violence at such a tender age sets up her basic psychological problems, which may be at least part of the cause of her problems in Salem. A reader's initial understanding of Abigail's character is that she has a particula... ... middle of paper ... ...l is stripped of her evil, and shown to be scared. In Act One alone, Abigail is seen as a lady like young woman, a caring cousin, a fierce, short tempered, violent girl, a seductress, and lover, and finally, a scared little girl.
Shakespeare's Presentation of the Nurse in Romeo and Juliet Shakespeare's presentation of the Nurse of the Nurse is a key to the audience's understanding of the play because she makes major links between the characters. She is a memorable character as she is likeable although the audience's view of her frequently changes. Shakespeare uses her to bring humour into the play to make the play appealing to all of the audience. She is also used as a messenger in the play, another reason why she is such an important character. She is very disrespectful towards Lady Capulet and argues with Lord Capulet.
Another dramatic technique he uses is creating tension at the end of each act. At the end of act 1, the girls started naming people who they ‘saw with the devil’. This scene shows how much the girls are desperate to save themselves because they are putting the blame on people they know. For example, when Abigail says, “I saw Goody Bibber with the Devil”. This chanting started by Tituba being so frightened of being hung, she had to do something.