The Maya were one of the most sophisticated cultures in the western hemisphere before the Spanish arrived. They are a native Mesoamerican people. Their religion worshiped primarily nature gods, such as the sun god, the rain god, and the corn god. They were also well known for their importance of astronomy and astrology, also ritualistic human sacrifices. The Mayans also were very well renowned for building pyramids and temples.
Dedicated scholars have been looking into ancient Mesopotamian since the early 20th century. Due to lack of record keeping many historians have been forced to slowly fill in the gaps as new evidence comes to light. They find that it is safe to say that there isn’t a uniform religion in Mesopotamia, but instead it is a mixing of several ancient cultures. Throughout all of the cultures that made up Mesopotamia, one thing that held true is a devout following for their polytheistic beliefs. Due to more recent discoveries, it is now safe to say that Mesopotamians felt that after life, given the proper circumstances, they would be immortalized in the Netherworld.
The mighty Aztecs were the last indigenous group of people to enter the Valley of Mexico. Like many other pre-Columbian cultures, the Aztecs developed their own political system, religion, social structure, agricultural techniques, lifestyle and worldview . The Aztecs were truly unique. The early Aztecs were semi-nomadic hunters and farmers. According to legend, in about 1000 AD the Aztecs left their mythic, island homeland of Aztlan in the desert frontiers of northern Mexico to begin their 100-year migration south to the Valley of Mexico.
Ultimately, the Mayan civilization was the most brilliant cultural stage not only in Mesoamerica, but throughout America, and his mysterious disappearance became an obsession for many investigators and people interested in the topic in the middle of the twentieth century. There have been many myths about the Mayans, but archaeological and historical research will allow us to know and admire who they were, how they developed their skills, and how they built their wonderful cities. In fact, as a Mexican immigrant in this country, I can also see the Mayan communities as the descendants of my culture and Mexicans feel proud of what they were, and the permanent mark that they will leave not only in Mexico’s history but the whole
From about AD 100 to 650 the valley was dominated by the city of Teotihuacan, center of a powerful religious, economic, and political state. After the decline of Teotihuacán, the Toltec people migrated into central Mexico from the north and established a conquest state there. The Toltec civilization reached its height in the 10th and 11th centuries. In the 13th century wandering bands of Nahuatl-speaking warriors, often called Chichimec, invaded the valley.
The Mayan merchants imported precious goods from other lands by traveling by sea, river, and roads. Artisans made different objects, and several were made to pay ... ... middle of paper ... ... a powerful civilization that lasted 3,500 years, building on their culture and its aspects throughout this time. However, the mystery of the Maya puzzles many historians, but there are some possible theories. Some people believe that the population was growing too fast, there were long periods of drought that caused crop failure, there was uncontrolled warfare, or that there were invaders from Central Mexico. It even could’ve been a combination of these factors, but the fall of the golden age of the Maya may always be a mystery.
Also the fact that it was coming from centuries old calendar was ridiculous. Anything could happen to those calendars. How do they even know if they are reading them right or if they have all the pieces, which they didn’t. People still do think what the Mayans created was amazing, especially considering what time period they were in.
Since the beginning of discovery, the Maya have always been known as “an indigenous people from Mexico and Central America” in 1800 B.C. to about 800 A.D. (“The Maya Civilization,” 1/1). One of the most dominant societies of Mesoamerica, the Maya geographically centralized in one “block”: the Yucatan Peninsula and Guatemala, Belize, Tabasco and Chiapas (Mexico), and the western part of Honduras and El Salvador (“Maya,” 1/1). Their constant location, over a period of almost 3000 years, shows that the Maya stayed safe from invasion by other peoples. The Maya Empire peaked at 600-800 A.D. and suffered a decline when the Spanish conquistadors rose.
He knew that the Aztecs was a strong civilization, so he waited until they were at their weakest point to attack them. The Aztecs were a strong empire, that had all of the right tools to be one of the greatest in world history, but as many other civilizations that also had their struggles as well, some say to this day that if they were more prepared for Cortes and his army that they could have possibly defeated them. Work Cited http://www.history.com/topics/aztecs 2-25-14 http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/Mexicoweb/factfile/Unique-facts-Mexico6.htm 2-25-14 Textbook
Over the last several thousand years, dozens of great civilizations have risen from nothing and fallen back into obscurity. Not all civilizations, however, leave a lasting mark on the world, especially not one so profound that influences the world as it exists today. One such civilization that has had a profound impact on daily modern lives was that of Ancient Egypt. Their systems of religion and technological innovation helped not only to leave a permanent impression on the world, but also served to mold both the civilizations that directly followed it as well as society today. The Ancient Egyptian civilization spanned several thousand years and is one of the few societies of the time that came into being independently.