“The major Gods of Ancient Yucatan.” Studies in Pre-Columbian Art & Archaeology 32 (1992): 11-27. Print. Thompson, J. Eric. Maya History and Religion. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970.
After centuries of research, there is finally enough evidence to believe in one logical explanation. The Maya civilization collapsed because they experienced one of the biggest droughts in all of history. Before we get into the collapse of the Maya, it is important to understand exactly who the Maya were and why they are such an important civilization in history. The Maya civilization is believed to have begun some thousands of years Before Christ; presumably around 2000 BC which is where some of the oldest Mayan history date back. Maya territory geographically extended throughout Central America mainly between Chichén Itza and Guatemala.
Many advances in archeological and epigraphic research has shed new light on Maya civilization, however, there is still much discussion on the political structure and how it was formed. The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization noted for its advanced form of civilization. It reached its highest state of development during the Classic period which ranges from approximately 200-900 AD. Early in the Classic period (292-434 AD), there were several city-states found throughout the Maya lowland region with no defined hierarchy of settlement or regional capitals. However, this seemed to shift around 514 AD with four major capitals forming in dispersed regions throughout the Maya lowlands (Scarre & Fagan, 2008).
Works Cited Bakewell, P. J.. A history of Latin America: c. 1450 to the present. 2nd ed. Malden, MA, USA: Blackwell Pub., 2004. Print. Caraman, Philip.
Latin America between colony and nation: selected essays. New York: Palgrave, 2001. Lynch, John. Latin American Revolutions: 1808-1826. Norman: The University of Oklahoma Press, 1994.
Dalal, Anita. Ancient Aztec and Maya. Redding, CT: Brown Bear, 2009. Print. Foster, Lynn V. Handbook to Life in the Ancient Maya World.
Nevertheless, these were not the only traits of a state that the Mayas possessed; they only generated several others, such as large territories, cities, a state religion, social stratification, monumental architecture, advances in knowledge, writing/counting systems and a standing army. The subsequent will describe how those features are representative of a state, rather than a chiefdom. Initially, the Mayas covered a large territory during their peak period (250-900 C.E.) that consisted in southern Mexico (primarily the states of Tabasco, Yucatán, Campeche, Chiapas and Quintana Roo), western... ... middle of paper ... ...is is that the reservoir canals were connected to the raised fields. The main crops that they cultivated were: sunflower, cotton, maize and beans (Webster, 2002, p. 95).
The first Mayan farming started around 11000 B.C. The first Aztecs farming started around 5000 B.C. Mayans used the method of slash but the Aztecs used chinampas. Mayans had different farming technique like slash, burn, terracing and composting. The methods used by the farmers dependent on the land.
2, Catholics in a Non-Catholic World, Part One (Spring 1997): pp. 35-54 Morrow, Diane Batts. Persons of Color and Religious at the Same Time: The Oblate Sisters of Providence 1828-1860. (University of North Carolina Press, 2002) Gould, Virginia Meachum. Henriette Delille, Free Women of Color and Catholicism (pg 271-287) David Gaspar, Darlene Clark-Hine (Ed) Beyond Bondage: Free Women of Color in the Americas Posey, O.F.M., Cap., Thaddeus.