Good Essays

- 2290 Words
- 5 Pages

Topic #4: Mathematical and Scientific Discoveries of India, China, and Greece

There are many ancient civilizations that had achievements in math and science. Three of these civilizations were India, China, and Greece. Ancient India was founded in about 2500 B.C., and its first civilization was known as the Indus River Valley Civilization. It was located near the Indus and Ganges Rivers, which periodically overflowed. Along with its mathematical and scientific achievements, it was one of the first civilizations to have complex cities. Ancient China had its first well-known dynasty, the Shang Dynasty, created in approximately 1750 B.C. It was isolated by mountains, deserts, and rivers. These rivers were the Huang He (Yellow) River, the Yangtze River, and the Xi Jiang (West) River. Possibly the greatest achievement of this dynasty was their bronze work, although they also contributed to math and science. Lastly, ancient Greece was established in 1100 B.C., on a peninsula. It was also made up of 1400 small islands, which were located in the Aegean and Ionian seas. Ancient India, China, and Greece all had significant contributions in science and math, but the contributions of the Greeks had the most influence on us today because they created Pythagorean theorem, discovered atoms, calculated the size of the Earth, found the value of pi, and had even more discoveries and accomplishments, many of which we still use today.

The Ancient Indians had some mathematical achievements. One of their mathematical achievements, which was shown in the Vedic texts, is that they had names for every number up to one billion. The Vedic texts also show that they managed to calculate irrational numbers, such as√3, very accurately (Whitfield, Traditions 42)....

... middle of paper ...

...affect us in numerous ways, such as in architecture, modern mathematics, modern science, the medical world, technology, and much more.

Ancient India, China, and Greece all contributed to math and science, however, the Greek achievements influenced us the most. They invented Pythagorean Theorem, calculated the value of pi, discovered atoms, accurately found the size of the Earth, and had much more accomplishments than India or China. Although the Greeks influenced modern math and science the most, the achievements of all three civilizations affect us today. These achievements range from the discovery of atoms, to the invention of a primitive computer. They contribute to modern math and science, architecture, the medical world, technology, and the economy. The achievements and contributions of ancient India, China, and Greece continue to amaze and influence us today.

There are many ancient civilizations that had achievements in math and science. Three of these civilizations were India, China, and Greece. Ancient India was founded in about 2500 B.C., and its first civilization was known as the Indus River Valley Civilization. It was located near the Indus and Ganges Rivers, which periodically overflowed. Along with its mathematical and scientific achievements, it was one of the first civilizations to have complex cities. Ancient China had its first well-known dynasty, the Shang Dynasty, created in approximately 1750 B.C. It was isolated by mountains, deserts, and rivers. These rivers were the Huang He (Yellow) River, the Yangtze River, and the Xi Jiang (West) River. Possibly the greatest achievement of this dynasty was their bronze work, although they also contributed to math and science. Lastly, ancient Greece was established in 1100 B.C., on a peninsula. It was also made up of 1400 small islands, which were located in the Aegean and Ionian seas. Ancient India, China, and Greece all had significant contributions in science and math, but the contributions of the Greeks had the most influence on us today because they created Pythagorean theorem, discovered atoms, calculated the size of the Earth, found the value of pi, and had even more discoveries and accomplishments, many of which we still use today.

The Ancient Indians had some mathematical achievements. One of their mathematical achievements, which was shown in the Vedic texts, is that they had names for every number up to one billion. The Vedic texts also show that they managed to calculate irrational numbers, such as√3, very accurately (Whitfield, Traditions 42)....

... middle of paper ...

...affect us in numerous ways, such as in architecture, modern mathematics, modern science, the medical world, technology, and much more.

Ancient India, China, and Greece all contributed to math and science, however, the Greek achievements influenced us the most. They invented Pythagorean Theorem, calculated the value of pi, discovered atoms, accurately found the size of the Earth, and had much more accomplishments than India or China. Although the Greeks influenced modern math and science the most, the achievements of all three civilizations affect us today. These achievements range from the discovery of atoms, to the invention of a primitive computer. They contribute to modern math and science, architecture, the medical world, technology, and the economy. The achievements and contributions of ancient India, China, and Greece continue to amaze and influence us today.

Related

- Powerful Essays
## Mathematics In Ancient Greek Mathematics

- 1340 Words
- 3 Pages

From ancient Greek mathematics, came many brilliant scholars such as: Pythagorus, Aristotle, Eudemus, Theophrastus, Archimedes, Aristotle, and Euclid. Of all the civilizations of the ancient world, the most a developed and inovative was that of ancient Greece. The best estimated time of the Greek civilization is dated back to 2800 BC. Around that time, the pyramids were being constructed in Egypt. (Allen) The Greeks built more onto what the Egyptians began building during the time of the pyramids.

- 1340 Words
- 3 Pages

Powerful Essays - Better Essays
## The Important Role of Mathematicians in Society

- 1649 Words
- 4 Pages
- 2 Works Cited

The Greeks brought a variety of great minds to life, including Thales of Miletus, Archimedes, Apollonius, Euclid, and Democritus. They began using logic to explore new mathematical concepts. Pythagoras of Samos was one of the foremost logical minds of this age. He is the inventor of abstract mathematics, and the founder of the “Pythagoras Theorem”. This theorem is still used today, in modern geometric equations The Hindu / Arabian Period (500A.D.

- 1649 Words
- 4 Pages
- 2 Works Cited

Better Essays - Better Essays
## Ancient Egyptian Mathematics

- 845 Words
- 2 Pages
- 8 Works Cited

They are also believed to be the first to use fractions, although they wrote their fractions differently than we do today. Their mathematics had an emphasis on measurement and calculations. With their vast knowledge in geometry they were able to calculate the areas of triangles, bricks, trapezoids and pyramids. The Egyptians practiced the mathematical arts through hieroglyphics, pyramids, and the Rhind Papyrus. Ancient Egyptians used hieroglyphics for many things including mathematics.

- 845 Words
- 2 Pages
- 8 Works Cited

Better Essays - Good Essays
## Research paper

- 561 Words
- 2 Pages

These contributions include the discovery of the pythagorean theorem, the concept of zero, and achievements in astronomy, medicine, technology, and earth science. Although each civilization had something to contribute, Ancient Greece was the most beneficial and influential to our society today. The Chinese mainly developed mathematics such as negative numbers, decimals, place value systems, a binary system, algebra, geometry, and trigonometry, pythagorean theorem and many other types of mathematics during ancient times. The Decimal system was a mathematical system of base counting, The Binary system usually represents...

- 561 Words
- 2 Pages

Good Essays - Good Essays
## Imaginary Numbers Essay

- 1097 Words
- 3 Pages

How far does imaginary numbers go back in history? First must know that an imaginary number is a number that is expressed in terms of the square root of a negative number. This fact took several centuries of convincing for certain mathematicians to believe, but imaginary numbers have been used all the back to the first century, and is now being widely used by people all around the world to this day. It is thanks to people like Heron of Alexandria, Girolamo Cardano, Rafael Bombelli, and other mathematician’s for making imaginary numbers as impactful as they are being used for signal processing, control theory, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, cartography, vibration analysis, and many others. While not as impactful as the people after him, Heron of Alexandra was one of the first to mention imaginary numbers dating all the way back to the 1st century.

- 1097 Words
- 3 Pages

Good Essays - Good Essays
## Decimals Essay

- 2549 Words
- 6 Pages

In modern day mathematics, the use of decimals to determine accurate calculations is used in almost every situation. It is used so often that we forget that decimals haven’t always been around. They had to have come from somewhere, but where did they come from? The origination of the decimal system is often overlooked and undervalued, but the importance of decimals in modern mathematics is extremely significant. This is why Simon Stevin’s work on decimal arithmetic was such a huge impact on the advancement of mathematics.

- 2549 Words
- 6 Pages

Good Essays - Best Essays
## The Foundation of The United States of America

- 1795 Words
- 4 Pages
- 12 Works Cited

Math is all around us, when people think of math, they think of equation and calculation. However, math is arguably one of most crucial and fundamental elements that controls and keeps our live going. Athens Greece is the foundation of math, with the brilliant mind of Archimedes and Pythagoras emerge the ideas of Pi and the Pythagorean Theorem. These two simple concepts helped United States and the world to achieve ground breaking and revolutionary discoveries. Pythagorean Theorem can be simply used in the architectural sense, but it can also be used to pinpoint two reference points.

- 1795 Words
- 4 Pages
- 12 Works Cited

Best Essays - Powerful Essays
## Earliest Civilization is the Region of Mesopotamia Because of Their Language of Cuneiform

- 1416 Words
- 3 Pages

These were also recorded with cuneiform and recorded on clay tablets, and like the language, served as an early interpretation of mathematical principles that influence arithmetic all over the world today. Dating back to the second and third milennia BC, Babylonians were so advanced as to having arithmetic tables established, however, perhaps their biggest influence was the establishment of a sexiagesimal numeral system. This means that the Babylonians were pioneers in the aspect that they established a number system based on the numeral sixty. As it is a highly factorable number, Babylonians recognized 60 to be of great value in tracking and calculations and configurations. The Babylonians divided the day into 24 hours, each hour into 60 minutes, each minute into 60 seconds.

- 1416 Words
- 3 Pages

Powerful Essays - Good Essays
## Pi: The Unknown

- 789 Words
- 2 Pages
- 3 Works Cited

Pi, the most talked about yet the least known about, is the ratio of the circumference of a circle over the diameter, and is one of the most important numbers ever to be used in mathematics. The world of Pi is very interesting, detailed, and complex. There is a very large history of how pi was found and of different ways mathematicians and civilizations calculated Pi. A few of the many examples of the calculation of pi are from Archimedes, Ahmes, the Chinese, the ancient Babylonians, and also the ancient Egyptians. In today’s society there are also many real world uses of Pi.

- 789 Words
- 2 Pages
- 3 Works Cited

Good Essays - Good Essays
## inventions

- 1452 Words
- 3 Pages

Without the fundaments discovered in Ancient Mesopotamia, our society would not be as well developed in the field of mathematics, which would in turn affect the progress of various fields of science and construction. Conclusion The impact of Mesopotamian inventions on the modern world can be clearly seen through the influence their technology had on subsequent civilizations. Each invention was revolutionary, and became even more so after being further studied by civilizations like Egypt and Greece. After thousands of years of progress, these inventions are not only still used, but have become necessities. Despite being one of the first civilizations to emerge, Ancient Mesopotamia and its technology had a profound impact on the rest of the world.

- 1452 Words
- 3 Pages

Good Essays