1. Vocabulary Words (All lessons) Charter- A document allowing a person or a group to do something Invest- To put money into something to try and earn more money Stock- A piece of ownership in a company Cash Crop - A crop that people grow and sell to earn money Indentured servant - Someone who agreed to work for a number of years in exchange for the cost of a voyage to North America Pilgram - A person who makes a long trip for religious reasons Compact - An agreement Cape - A strip of land that stretches into a body of water Diversity - Different people in a group Tolerance - Respecting one's beliefs that are different from your own Missionary- A person who teaches their religion to other people who believe in something else Claim …show more content…
****Did the puritans want to separate from the Church of England? Why or why not? (3) They did not want to separate from their church. Thy wanted to make themselves, and their church pure, or free of fault. 12. What did the Pilgrims call their colony? (3) They named it Plymouth after a town in England. 13. What did the English Puritans call their colony? (3) The Massachusetts Bay Colony. 14. ***What helped make the Puritans more successful than the Jamestown colonists? (3) The Puritans were better prepared that the Pilgrims for many reasons. One of the reasons is because they had a group with many people who were good at different things. This affected them because maybe some knew how to grow crops, some new how to farm, and many more. They also set sail in March, so they arrived at a good time to plant crops. 15. What did the Dutch call their new land? What did the French call their new land? (4) The Netherland and New France. 16. Why did the New Amsterdam settlers refuse to fight the English? (4) They did not fight because they did not like their governor Peter Stuyvesant. 17. Who settled in New France, and what did they do? (4) Not many people lived in New France. but soon missionaries move to New France. They built many missions throughout New
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Puritans are discontented with the Church of England. The Puritans are people, who stand in for the pure doctrin of the bible. They reject all forms of religious practise. Every written word in the bible must be believed from them. Who follows God's moral codes will be blessed with eternal life. The conflict between the King, the Church of England and the Puritans had reached the climax when William Laud became the new Archbishop of Canterbury. He brought new beliefs in the Church, but this was unacceptable for the Puritans. This new beliefs included emphasise on individual acceptance or rejection of God's grace, toleration for a varity of religious beliefs, and the incoporation of "high church" symbols. For the Puritans is this not true belief. So they wished to get rid of all catholics influence in their religion. Thats the reason why they split from the Church of England in 1633.
While residing in England, the Puritans and faithful Catholics faced prosecution, which led to their immigration to the New World. Most left England to avoid further harassment. Many groups and parishes applied for charters to America and, led by faithful ministers, the Pilgrims and Puritans made the long voyage to North America. Their religion became a unique element in the New England colonies by 1700. Before landing, the groups settled on agreements, signing laws and compacts to ensure a community effort towards survival when they came to shore, settling in New England. Their strong sense of community and faith in God led them to develop a hardworking society by year 1700, which Documents A and D express through the explanation of how the Pilgrims and Puritans plan to develop...
The Crusades of the middle ages introduced much innovative and formerly unheard of merchandise into Western Europe; however the scarcity of these luxury goods instilled Europeans with drive to find easier access to the Far East. Although desired "Northwest Passage" never was found, joint-stock companies, like the Virginia Company of London, settled colonies in the New World for untapped resources such as silver and other tradable goods. Many more corporations followed suit, settling mainly in the Chesapeake Bay area, their small settlements eventually developing into the Chesapeake colonies. The Chesapeake colonies were focused primarily on profitable enterprises. At the same time, the New England colonies were being settled with a whole different set of initiatives, principally religious freedoms and family. Governing bodies were established, with their success dependent on the quality of the settlers the colony attracted. The different motives for settlement affected the routine events in such a way that the New England and Chesapeake colonies differed very greatly from one another even though they were both mainly settled by the English.
The British colonies of Massachusetts Bay, Pennsylvania, and Maryland hold many divergent and comparable facts in regards to their beginnings as colonies, troubling periods of growth, and their ultimate status in regards to their relationship within the British Empire. Religion played an important impetus to the start of many of these colonies, so that the respective religious groups may experience religious freedom. The economy was a vital component to the growth of the colony and greatly influenced the culture and the trajectory of the colony for centuries. The religious and economic aspect of these colonies ultimately influenced the relationship they each had other colonies, as well as with the British Empire.
Each Puritan congregation was to be individually responsible to God, as was each person. The New Testament was their model, and their devotion so great that permeated their entire society. People opposing theological views were asked to leave the community or to be converted. Their...
The Puritans first originated in England during the 1500’s, and faced numerous conflicts throughout their time. These began with their efforts to change the Church of England. This turned out to be one of their greatest challenges as they faced a substantial amount of opposition. The term they were known for, "Puritan”, came from their goal of purifying the church and restoring it to how it is described in the Bible (“Puritans” World Book). During this time of reform, there were Puritans with more radical views such as removing bishops and replacing the Episcopal with a new Presbyterian system. At the same time, there was also a group of independents with even stronger radical views. These independents later broke off from the Puritans and became known as the Baptists. A man named John White led the main sending of Puritans to Massachusetts and the main expansion of the Puritans religion (Melton 52; 58). Due to this push for the religion, the Puritans had a strong influence on the social, political, and religious aspects in both America and England. Today, the term Puritans has come to mean strictness in moral or religious matters (“Puritans” World Book).
While Puritans believed that they should not separate themselves from the Church of England, church was still a major cornerstone in their new
The main reason for Puritans leaving England was religious strife, these Puritans immigrants were critical of the Anglican Church (the Church of England). Because of that, Puritans decided to migrate to new colonies, one of them was New England, and they hoped to reform the established religion from within. Unlike New England, the number of English settlers in Virginia died of illness, brutal winter and starvation. Furthermore, about four out of five Virginia settlers died within the colony’s first decade, and it was considered a devastating failure. Therefore, Puritans’ life in New England was much interesting and better in every aspect compared to Virginia settlers because of the population, the women’s role in church and family, religious
America. In 1607, a group of merchants, known as the Virginia Company, settled at Jamestown, Virginia on the Chesapeake Bay (Divine, 72); while Puritan leader John Winthrop, stationed himself and his followers at Massachusetts Bay in 1630. (Divine, 90) Although both settlements started off relatively the same, the greater success of one over the other has caused continuous debates between many, including the descendants of these early Americans. Some might argue that the Virginia Colony was more successful than the Massachusetts Bay Colony because of the Virginia colonists’ motivation and interest in profit (Divine, 76). However, when efforts for income proved futile, this and survival became the colony's only interests. Therefore, Massachusetts proved itself to be the stronger colony and the most successful, as a result of its community development and social advancement, its economic growth, and the positive influence the government had on the Massachusetts Colony.
The History of the Colony of Province of Massachusetts Bay: Volume II was created by a male author named Thomas Hutchinson. The Massachusetts Bay Colony Case against Anne Hutchinson (1637) was edited by Lawrence Shaw Mayo who attended Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The selection was reprinted by the permission of Thomas Hutchinson, but in the Table of Contents it says that John Winthrop was the author of the selection. Even though he was the governor of the year 1637, and was also included in the trial case. Maybe he could have tweaked some of the things he said to Anne Hutchinson so that he did not come off as rude. Also, since Thomas and Anne Hutchinson have the same last name they could have been related,
An indenture was a legal, written contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified term. The system of Indenture and Indentured servants was introduced in Colonial America to meet the growing demand for cheap, plentiful labor in the colonies. The indentured servants worked for no wage; instead they worked for basic necessities such as food, clothing and a place to live. Even though slaves existed in the English Colonies in the 1600s, innumerable farmers employed Indentured Servants instead. There was a high demand for work as the growth of tobacco; rice (which was easy to prepare and was also a hearty meal that would sustain a workers body for a long day’s work)
In England, the Puritans were a group of Protestants, who during the 1600 wanted to continue to purify the Church of England of the practices that were not found in scripture . They wanted to leave from being persecuted for not being protestants. The Separatists were people who advocated complete separation from the Church of England and make their own churches. Both the Puritans and the Separatists wanted to and did leave Europe in hope to be able to have religious freedom in North America. While they were in North America the Puritans were in charge. They kept a very controlled and disciplined lifestyle. They slept in tents and dug out then later learned how to make huts from the Swedish.
There was a distinct split within the Church of England between the Puritans and the Anglicans. The Puritans were members of the Church of England, wanting reformation. They wished to eliminate of some ceremonies and dogmas closely resembling those of the Catholic Church. Puritans were more devout Christians then regular members. They believed the Sabbath should be strictly observe...
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Christianity was bounded to the coastal areas of Africa. At this time in Western Africa, there were a total of three missionary societies operating in western Africa. There was the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (SPG), the Wesleyan Missionary Society (WMS), and the Glasaw and Scottish Missionary Society (GSMS). In the southern portion of Africa, the Morovian Missionary and the London Missionary were dominant. There was only one society in eastern Africa and there were none at all in northern Africa. However, by 1840 the number of missionary societies had increased to more than fifteen in western Africa, eleven in southern Africa, five in eastern Africa in 1877 and there were six in northern Africa in 1880. Not only were these societies active in the coastal region of Africa, but they also started stretching inland to lands where they haven’t reached before. Around the year 1860, these societies in southern Africa had traveled as far north as present day Botswana, Lesotho and Zambia. (Boahen 15) Famous names of this time include David Livingston and Robert Moffat. (Gordon 285)