Canada, being a colony of Britain since the defeat of the French empire in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, tried to gain more and more freedom from its mother country, Great Britain, and to gain its own constitution and laws and be able to decide its own future. Although Canada wanted independence from Britain, it also did not want to become too dependent on the United States. Also the co-operation between the Canadian people, either English or French or any other group, have defined the Canadian values that we see today. One of the core values of Canada is diversity. Canada has very diverse cultures that have been living together on its soil for many years.
Stephen Harper states that, “there is a Canadian culture that is in some ways unique to Canada, but I don't think Canadian culture coincides neatly with borders”. The culture of Canada is a working progress and it can’t be predicted because there’s a lot to be done. The immigration policy has resulted many cultural changes in Canada such as diffusion, enculturation and acculturation. Languages, music, food, fashion and media has changed because of this massive shift. The country went from an all white community to mosaic community and the society has become more accepting for the newcomers.
The idea of Canada being a “multicultural” society has arguably been around since the country’s early origins, despite varying understanding of the term itself. Notably, George-Étienne Cartier, who was a Father of Confederation, conceptualized Canada “as a political nation, encompassing different cultural nations” (Davis 68). Cartier’s ability to see politics as a framework that incorporated multiple cultural nations under the assumption that they would be working together for a greater common good speaks volumes about what the Fathers of Confederation had envisioned for Canada. His initial understanding of multiculturalism in the 1860s outlines keys values which if maintained would have positively influenced the further development of Canadian public policy. Year’s later, between World War I and World War II, novelist and folklorist J. Murray Gibbon used the term “mosaic” to best describe the concentration of the Canada population.
As they ensure the productions are broadcasted and produced. Allowing the industry to prosper despite the increased presence of American cultural exports. Illustrating certain aspects of the Broadcasting Act of 1991, CRTC’s Public Notice 1999-97 and CRTC’s Public Notice 1998-44 this paper will illustrate how the Canadian citizens (audience) are the main cultural and economic benefactors of the content regulations set forth by the Government of Canada. In 1932, due to an overwhelming concern for the spill over of American culture into Canadian airwaves the Canadian Government implemented the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Act (Dewing, 2012). This act would see the creation of the Canadian telecommunications industry.
Britain’s flag was the red ensign which they shared with Canada. “The Red Ensign had the Union Jack in the top left corner and the Canadian coat of arms diagonally opposite” (Cruxton and Wilson, 2000:318). The French Canadians didn’t like the red ensign because of its close relation with the British Empire. They needed a new flag that would be a symbolize Canada as its own country because there were many new immigrants coming into Canada which was making it a country of multiculturalism. Lester B. Pearson was the prime minister at this time and he thought that the idea of Canada choosing a new flag would make Canadians have a stronger feel of nationalism for their country.
This symbolized the start of Canada’s worldwide recognition of a multi-cultural country. As the coveted land for foreign citizens, Canada did not completely welcome every person who applied for citizenship. Under that desirable façade, the Canadian government somewhat welcomed and admitted immigrants with a comparatively hospitable attitude, however, once the immigrants arrived in Canada, they were left alone by the government to fend for themselves. Similar to the treatment of the government, immigrants were not completely welcomed by the Canadian mainstream society after settling in Canada. The Canadian government exhibited a somewhat warm attitude of welcoming immigrants.
Borden was in a place where the nations destiny was still being constructed, it was at a stage where “few thought in terms of Canadian independence; most felt that the country was not yet strong enough, or sufficiently united, to be independent.” Borden came into government after a long stint of Liberal leadership, so his actions how were very new. He did not have a French-Canadian champion in his cabinet, which largely hindered to engage with the province of Quebec. Borden was so drawn to the British way that he “never overcame his view that Canada was a part of the British Empire and that Quebec had to accommodate itself to the larger nation. French Canada remained a mystery to Borden throughout his life.” It did not take long for Borden’s conservative government to falter, but it hung on by a thread. It was the ... ... middle of paper ... ...front, so should those at home.” Not only had the troops been sent into the field of unknown, but as was the same with Borden and his government.
The government support has played an important role in the arts development, as has the establishment of numerous art schools and colleges across the country .Canada has produced a variety of well-known films, actors, and authors. Even though American culture has strongly penetrated and influenced Canadian culture, the government has created many different openings for Canadian culture to be protected and expanded throughout Canada using things like; the national film board, creation of the CBC and the Canadian content rule. In 1928, the federal government under Liberal Prime Minister Mackenzie King, formed the Royal Commission on Radio Broadcasting.The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) was to provide programs and extend coverage to all parts of the country. The CBC took over the radio and began broadcasting in English and French. The broadcasting was necessary to protect Canada against American cultural penetration.
The Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism was established by Pearson. This commission was one of the most important things that happened in Canada because if led to many changes and other cultural-changing events such as the Official Language Acts. This was significant to Canadian Identity because it created new Canadian culture. Due to the fact that Canada is not an old country, it does not have much background on history and culture. This commission created a starting place to commence Canada’s culture.
With the demand for labour increasing in Canada, the immigration laws needed to be changed in order to allow for an increase in immigration once again. Though, this is not to say all dissimilarity elements of immigration were eliminated” (Haque 20). Opposition toward multiculturalism remains strong in Québec, while they participate in programs, which fund multiculturalism, their general stance often remains negative (Cardozo 170-171). This longstanding dislocation between the French and English stems back to a time where Quebec was looking for equality as the bulk of major economic institutions were oriented towards an English-speaking way of life. It was not until the Quiet Revolution where the voices of Quebecers were surfacing, as they demanded equality and the mobilization of their language rights (Haque 21).