Mass Electronic Surveillance and Social Order

2366 Words10 Pages
The internet has added another dimension to the existing mass surveillance done by the government and the corporate. Recent development in the way in which internet has digitized our life has heightened the discussion of mass surveillance amongst the scholars. And today with the Snowden leak this issue has found a space in the public discussion. The mass surveillance has been in discussion amongst these groups because it contributes to some sort of social order such as giving citizens protection and certain social benefits on one hand at the same time keeping the masses under control on the other (Lyon, 2001). The Electronic mass surveillance has been part of our life for a long time, but has always remained underground. Mass surveillance has a long history from surveillance being used for religious extremism to the Soviet bloc using it as a tool during the cold war. It begins with record keeping and now continues with the latest new technology of spying (Lauer, 2011). We had many studies in surveillance in the 20th century, but few in the early years, giving us an impression that it is linked to modern technology (Lauer, 2011). Since then it has been used as a tool by the powerful group to dictate their way and to have some social order in the society. There are two approaches to study mass surveillance one is Panoptic and other is the non –Panoptic approach. To some extent mass surveillance can act as a way to discipline people and keep them under control. Some authors approach surveillance in a non-Panoptic mode where surveillance has positive aspects like protection and security, and everyone have an opportunity carry out surveillance (Allmer, 2012). This essay seeks to remedy this question by analyzing both the point o... ... middle of paper ... ...nd surveillance: The challenges of Web 2.0 and social media. Routledge. Brown, I., & Korff, D. (2009). Terrorism and the Proportionality of Internet Surveillance. European Society of Criminology and SAGE Publications. Volume 6 (2): 119–134: 1477-3708 The FDR group (2013). Chilling Effects: NSA Surveillance Drives U.S. Writers to Self-Censor (Research report) PEN American Center. Fuchs, C. (2012). Critique of the political economy of the web 2.0 surveillance. Internet and surveillance: The challenges of Web 2.0 and social media. Routledge. Boersma, K. (2012). Postface: Internet and surveillance. Internet and surveillance: The challenges of Web 2.0 and social media. Routledge. Mansell, R. (2011). New vision, old practices: Policy and regulation in the internet era. Continuum: Journal of media and culture studies (Routledge), vol. 25, no. 1, February 2011, 19-32.
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