Maslow 's Hierarchy Of Needs

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Maslow, created a pyramid that would describe each level of a humans need to survive, to grow, develop and become successful; he believed that the drive to accomplish each level becomes stronger when a level is not being fulfilled. One lever must be mastered or accomplished before an individual can move on to the next level. Each level, has an interdependency, each setting the stage for the next level; physiological, safety, emotional, esteem and self-actualization are the five stages of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The needs of each level are the “unconscious desires”’ (McLeod, 2014) that drive an individual to success. Physiological is ones most basic of needs: food, water, air, sleep, the environment in which one lives. These needs must be met at the time of birth, as with out the first stage a person cannot grow and develop the mental abilities to move to the next level. Maslow’s hierarchy states that as one is starved of these needs the desire grows stronger to achieve it. Genie, a child that was found at the age of 13, only received the basics of life, food, water, air and nothing more. Her body grew, and life of the body sustain but development into the next level never happened; she was never able to achieve Maslow’s second level of the hierarchy. Genie’s story, although horrific is about a girl that was locked in her room from the time she was born. She was found when she was 13 years old; unable to eat solid foods, unable to communicate; she was chained to either a potty chair or caged in a crib, no communication except for beatings or her father growling, only the basics of life to sustain her. Genie was starved of the safety needed to develop. (Cherry, 2015) The “wild child” never developed from the first phase of Ma... ... middle of paper ... ...lationship could built that level, allowing enough growth and development to achieve self-actualization. Maslow’s theory’s, although still studied, are difficult to substantiate as there was not scientifically testing, the subject matter researched was of limited to successful people; thus not really falling under the code of science. In order for Maslow theory to stand true, we must be able to reenact a study, utilized many different samples of many different types of environments that people grow. It was discovered through a research conducted by the University of Illinois that “while fulfillment of the needs was strongly correlated with happiness, people from cultures all over the reported that self-actualization and social needs were important even when many of the most basic needs were unfulfilled.” (Cherry, 2015)Thus challenging the validity of the hierarchy.

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