Marxism And Functionalism Essay

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This essay will examine what a Marxist Sociologist is and what are the differences between Marxism and other Sociological perspectives. One key focus of this essay will be on Karl Marx’s conflict theory and two other sociological perspectives namely; Functionalism and Social action theory. Another key focus of this essay will be to contrast the dissimilarities of the ideologies and beliefs of functionalism and conflict theory. This essay will discuss these sociological theories over other perspectives in sociology due to the influential impact these theories have had on the development of later sociological theories. To contribute additional comparison of sociological theories this essay will examine and contrast Max Webber’s social action…show more content…
(Giddens and Sutton, 2013) explain how Marx believed that throughout time human societies developed through the structure of the economy and through class conflict. In ancient times there was no system of land ownership and Marx described this a very early form of communism, These earlier systems all proved to have their limitations and each one was subsequently outgrown and a new system evolved, the next economic system to arrive is the one that Marx’s primary focus was which is Capitalism. Marx described Capitalism as two class’s property owners known by Marx as Bourgeoisie (Capitalists) and the Working class which Marx referred to as the Proletariat. For capitalism to exist there must be some form of assets that can be used to create the growth of future…show more content…
The working class are alienated from their work through their exploitation from the capitalists and see it as simply a means to an end. They seek solace in individualism and their free time therefore, are alienated from their labour. Marx believes the bourgeoisie are also alienated from society as the have lost their sense of humanity through the exploitation of their workers and their greed to fuel capitalism at all costs. This essay will now detail Emile Durkheim’s sociological perspective which is known as Functionalism. (Giddens & Sutton, 2013) explain that Durkheim primarily interested in the study of social facts such as institutions, social norms, technology, values, solidarity, laws and morality, these affect each other and affect people but in Durkheim’s opinion these social facts do not exist in individuals but in the social networks that people have formed. Durkheim had a strong interest in Solidarity which is what holds together society by the integration of individuals into social groups who share the same core values and
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