Marx Human Nature

2139 Words9 Pages
Many thinkers have developed unique positions on human nature, with some of these positions providing a more accurate description of the human condition than others. Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud disagreed about the main drivers of human behavior, but an analysis of their positions shows that, although both views are open to criticism, Marx provided a description of human nature that is more relevant today. Marx's view was that the acquisition of capital was a large factor in determining the behavior of people, who are often, but not always, driven by greed, and that certain social constructs could help to overcome these tendencies and promote cooperation. For Freud, on the other hand, sexuality and development influenced people on individual and social levels. Both Marx and Freud had developed arguments against objections to their positions, but Marx's perspective can be applied on a wider and more consistent scale than Freud's, which described Victorian-era societies well, but is often only applicable today in individual cases. However, when thinking about the concept of human nature, it is also important to consider that individuals often show so many differences that coming up with an all-encompassing theory of human nature that would be applicable to every person in the world could very well be impossible.
Karl Marx's views on human nature were heavily influenced by his thoughts about economics and politics, and Marx believed that human nature was largely driven by economic needs and desires. Essentially, he stated that humans have the goal of obtaining material goods that are required for the survival of themselves and their families, but also, if it is possible, the goods needed for luxury or enjoyment as well. Therefore, h...

... middle of paper ... certain societies, at best.
Human nature is a concept that may not necessarily be a valid way to evaluate peoples' thoughts and behaviors. The term “human nature” stresses that all people, in all situations, have certain rules, motivations, or tendencies, which cause humans to behave in a predictable way. Thus, the concept assumes that peoples' minds have nearly-identical, reliably logical operations in all situations, which seems unlikely to be the case. Given that both genetics and environmental factors can influence the structure and functions of each individual's brains, and, furthermore, that people often do not behave in a rational way, it seems likely that there are no overarching rules to what motivates people across all situations. Therefore, it is misleading to speak of human nature, as there probably is no single nature that people always adhere to.

More about Marx Human Nature

Open Document