Martin Luther King Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement

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African American people have come a long way from the illiterate slaves, who were once picking cotton in fields, to powerful political leaders. A prime example would be President Barack Obama, the first African American president of the United States of America. But first we must ask ourselves, how did this occur? Who lead African Americans to better living standards? Civil rights leaders, such as Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, and Rosa Parks, just to name a few. However, among these great names in history, there is one that stands out, and that man is Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. King gave hope to those in need with his awe inspiring sermons he performed at the church his grandfather founded. He changed foes to allies with his thought provoking speeches, and lead powerful protests and strikes, with each one ending in a peaceful demonstration. The Man Before He Became a Civil Rights Leader First, let’s take a look into the early days of Dr. King. Though not known to many, Dr. King was not born with the name Martin; rather, his name was Michael, having changed it due to his father’s desire to change his name. The name change came across as a way of honoring Martin Luther the Protestant founder who wrote scriptures on doors. Dr. King was born January 15, 1929 to Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King in Atlanta, Georgia. In 1960 he served as co-pastor with his father in the Ebenezer Baptist Church, located in Atlanta, till his death, however he became head pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church before then in 1954. At fifteen he graduated from Booker T. Washington High School, he then sought higher education at Morehouse College and received his B. A. degree. He later traveled to... ... middle of paper ... ...ited States Government Memorandum, August 30, 1963. On December 23, 1936, the FBI’s Domestic Intelligence Division held a major planning to “expose King for the clerical fraud and Marxist he is.” Cited from: American RadioWorks, “The FBI’s War on King” (http://americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/king/d4.html) 28] “Deep politics” is a term coined by Dr. Peter Dale Scott, whose books are listed at http://www.history-matters.com/pds/dp3.htm. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/21/obama-king_n_2521679.html http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jan/20/obama-inauguration-martin-luther-king ^ Washington, James M. (1991). A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. HarperCollins. p. 437. ISBN 0-06-064691-8. www.thekingcenter.org/news http://www.nps.gov/mlkm/historyculture/index.htmwww.thekingcenter.org/news
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