At this time, and still to this day, he is the youngest person ever to have this award bestowed upon him (260). The next year, on March 21st, Dr. King and three thousand protestors began the march to Selma, Alabama (260). Five days later they completed their goal and fought for their rights. Their efforts were validated when President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act into law, which banned literacy tests, allowed the federal government to oversee voting sights, and authorized the investigation of poll taxes (“Voting Rights Act of 1965”). Dr. King’s final victory in his era of revolution was the Civil Rights Act of 1968 (also known as the Fair Housing Act) (Ayers 265).
King became the youngest man ever to win the Nobel peace prize in 1964. Another young man who fought for civil rights was Malcolm X. Otherwise known as X, he... ... middle of paper ... ...For sixty-five consecutive nights, rallies were held and during the day direct action protests continued (Compton?s 134). It was one of the ?most dramatic confrontations of the Civil Rights Movement? (Discovering 3).
King also led one of the biggest, peaceful, marches in Washington, D.C.. About a quarter of a million people, of all races, joined this march, along with many musicians and artists. This was also where King's "I Have A Dream" speech was delivered. King was the youngest man, at the age of thirty five, to win the Noble Peace Prize. King also wrote five books and he wrote many articles. (Martin Luther King - Biography) King's leadership was tragically ended when he was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee on a motel balcony.
During that time he led the unforgettable March on Washington where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech to millions of viewers across the nation. The next year he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He went on to launching his first major northern campaign in Chicago. Black Baptists were there opposing him, and a mob of club carrying Ku Klux Klan members and Neo-Nazis met his marchers. With all that he had said and done, on April 3, 1983 he said "I have been to the mountain top and seen the promise land."
It was estimated that 93% of the nation’s televisions were on during this coverage; and the estimated cost to the networks for this four day coverage, with no programming or commercial revenue, was around $40 million (Doherty, 2010). Dr. King earned his doctorate in theology at Boston University in 1955 and became one of the leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. On August 28, 1963 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his speech “I have a dream” in Washington, DC from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to over 200,000 people in attendance and with the help of CBS’ live airing, a television viewing audience of millions. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968 in Memphis, TN while standing on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel. He was shot in the neck.
King's first presence in politics was a humble presidency position for the Montgomery Improvement Association - a black activist organization - that had just ordered a boycott of the state's buses. When the U.S. Supreme Court ordered that Alabama's segregation laws unconstitutional, the Montgomery buses were desegregated in December of 1956. King was subsequently launched into a name that every schoolchild would read about in their history books. King's life from then on was a whirlwind of leadership. He was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957; and traveled with this conference over 6 million miles speaking over the course of eleven years.
The boycott lasted a total of 382 days and the U.S. Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus systems. During the boycott, King endured arrest, home bombing, and personal abuse. In 1957, he was elected as the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. King traveled over six million miles and spoke over 2500 times, he appeared wherever there was inequality and injustice to take action. One of his most iconic speeches “I Have a Dream” was delivered on August 28, 1963 at the March at Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
He also created a voter education program to teach citizens the importance of participating in the political process, including how to use technology to win elections and more effectively participate in politics. Having been born in the midst of the voting rights struggle on March 11, 1965, Representative Jackson spent his twenty-first birthday in a jail cell in Washington, D.C. for taking part in a protest against apartheid at the South African Embassy. He also demonstrated weekly in front of the South African Consulate in Chicago. Representative Jackson had the privilege of sharing the stage with Mr. Nelson Mandela during his historic speech to the world following a 27-year imprisonment in Cape Town. In 1987, Representative Jackson graduated magna cum laude from North Carolina A & T State University in Greensboro, North Carolina, where he earned a Bachelor of Science Degree in Business Management.
Out of an eligible 15,000 Selmans, only 200 were registered to vote. The SNCC worked on cracking literacy tests, protesting poll taxes and staging sit-ins at registration centers in order to get blacks registered to vote. White responses a protest led by the SNCC caused the death of SNCC activist Jimmie Lee Jackson and in turn sparked the call for a protest march to Montgomery. After the first march brutally ended on “Bloody Sunday” as it came to be known, a second march was planned which would be co-led by the SNCC and Martin Luther King’s SCLC. A federal injunction allowed the march to take place without interference from the Alabama government.
Martin Luther King Jr. was the last person to speak that day, and he was supposed to speak for six minutes but instead spoke for seventeen minutes. Another speech of Dr. King was “Beyond Vietnam: Time to Break A Silence” where he spoke in front of 3,000 people in the year 1967. It was the end of the Vietnam war, and Dr. King bestowed the speech in New York at the Riverside Church. He even criticized the government insisting it was “The greatest purveyor of violence in the world today.” Dr. King was convinced that the nation’s struggle with racism and poverty were inextricably linked with the war. “Our God is Marching On” is another speech Martin Luther King Jr. conveyed.