Because of his role in the Boycott, it changed him into a national figure and best-known spoke man for civil rights. After the Montgomery Bus Boycott movement, King and several civil rights activists founded a new conference called the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Its goal was to make black churches to protest with non-violence method. King led this conference until his death. The conference itself at the beginning was not a success, King was almost been killed by a crazy women who thinks that King was not on her side.
African americans responded by holding a bus boycott that lasted for over a year. 1957-(Southern Christian Leadership Conference is founded) The sclc was founded after the montgomery bus boycott on december 5, 1955. 1957-(Crisis at Central High School And The Little Rock Nine) The little rock nine were the nine black students that were responsible for the desegregation of central high school. As the students walked up to the school they were turned away by the National Guard who were called by the governor Faubus. 1960-Greensboro Sit-ins-1960 Meanwhile in Greensboro North Carolina four african-american college students held a sit-in at segregated diner.
When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white person in 1955 she was arrested. When the Supreme Court ruled segregated seating on public buses unconstitutional in 1956, King was highly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and also Bayard Rustin who was a activist. Martin Luther King Jr’s role was the SCLC president and has his position he traveled around the world giving lectures on non-violent protest and civil rights. King Jr would meet with religious figures, activist and political leaders. One family who Martin Luther King Jr met had describe him as “the guiding light of our technique of non-violent social change.” (MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. 2017).
D. requirements to return to the South and accepted the pastorate of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. On December 5, 1955, five days after Montgomery civil rights activist Rosa Parks refused to obey the city's rules mandating segregation on buses, black residents launched a bus boycott and elected King as president of the newly-formed Montgomery Improvement Association. As the boycott continued during 1956, King gained national prominence as a result of his exceptional oratorical skills and personal courage. His house was bombed and he was convicted along with other boycott leaders on charges of conspiring to interfere with the bus company's operations. Despite these attempts to suppress the movement, Montgomery bus were desegregated in December, 1956, after the United States Supreme Court declared Alabama's segregation laws unconstitutional.
The first main event that I believe led to Anne Moody becoming an activist for Civil Rights was when she was younger, her cousin George Lee was babysitting and he burned down the house in a fit of rage and when Daddy gets home he blames it on Essie Mae (Anne Moody). This foreshadows all of life’s injustices that will be thrown her way. The next time was when she made friends with white neighbors and they decided to go to the movies, Anne couldn’t sit with her friends, she had to sit in the balcony with all of the other blacks. She did not understand why it was this way. Another event was when she was in high school, she changes her name to Anne Moody, and a white boy, whose name was Emmitt Till who was visiting from Chicago, whistled at a white girl, and then a group of white men murdered him.
However, instead of arresting the demonstrators the police opened fire shooting 249 people and killing 69. Fearing wide spread violence in the wake of the shooting, the government declared a nation wide State of Emergency, and on April 8, 1960 the ANC and PAC were banned. The Sharpeville tragedy focused the worlds attention, for the first time, to the racial problems of South Africa and brought apartheid into the social conscience. For more information on what happened at Sharpeville take a look at The Sharpeville Massacre: A Watershed in South Africa (external link) an essay written by The Rt. Reverend Ambrose Reeves.
As a result of public pressure, the wholesaler dropped the critcized books from its inventory. In 1963 a delegation of parents of high school students in Columbus, Ohio, asked the school board to ban Catcher in the Rye, BRAVE NEW WORLD and TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD for being "anti-white" and "obscene."' 'After a decade of quiet, objections arose again in 1975 in Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania, and the novel was removed from the suggested reading list for an elective course entitled " Searching for Values and Identity Through Literature." Based on parents' objections to the language and content of the book, the school board voted 5-4 to ban the book. The book was later reinstated in the curriculum when the board learned that the vote was illegal because they needed a two-thirds vote for removal of the text.'
Even though people were hurt in bloody Sunday, 8 days after bloody Sunday President Lyndon B. Johnson presented a bill to congress that would turn into the black Voting Rights act of 1965. ("The New York times") Millions of people all over the US were watching TV on a Sunday night when the television program was interrupted by African Americans being beat by clubs and tear gas being thrown. Six hundred people were attacked by police and state troopers and they were dressed in riot uniforms. ABC was showing a movie and then it was stopped and showed African Americans being hurt. Most people have never heard of Selma, Alabama but after March 7 no one would forget.
He was so distraught by the news that he attempted to commit suicide at his family home on May 1941 (Martin Luther King Jr., Biography). He blamed himself for his grandmother’s death because his 6 year old while he was suppose to be home watching his 6 year old brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King, he was out watching a parade, and his younger brother knocked his grandmother unconscious while sliding down a banister (8 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Martin Luther King Jr., Bijan C. Bayne). Martin started growing into his late teens, early twenties, and grew a lot more mature. On December 1, 1955, 42-year-old Rosa Parks went on the Cleveland Avenue bus after work. She sat in the first row of the colored section.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott, urged and planned by E. D. Nixon (head of the Montgomery NAACP chapter and a member of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters) and led by King, soon followed. (In March 1955, a 15-year-old school girl, Claudette Colvin, had to give up her seat, but King did not then become involved. ) The boycott lasted for 385 days, the situation becoming so tense that King's house was bombed. King was arrested during this campaign, which ended with a United States District Court ruling in Browder v. Gayle that ended racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses. Southern Christian Leadership Conference King was instrumental in the founding of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, a group created to harness the moral authority and organizing power of black churches to conduct non-violent protests in the service of civil rights reform.