Consequently, Luther was excommunicated from the Church for refusing to withdraw his teachings and criticisms of the Church. With the support of German princes, howev... ... middle of paper ... ...ncil declared, could not be achieved by faith alone, but only faith and works together. The Latin Vulgate translation of the Bible was made the only acceptable version of scripture. In addition, the Church hierarchy alone was to decide the interpretation of the Bible. The Council of Trent also put an end to many church abuses that had been practiced for centuries such as the selling of indulgences.
His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the Pope. The 95 Theses really started the formation of his church, Lutheran. He taught that salvation and eternal life are not earned by good deeds but is a free gift of God's grace through a person’s faith. Faith alone can
Martin Luther claims, “The bible is the sole authority for Christians. All of this infuriated the Catholic Church and made them excommunicate Luther from the Church. They claimed, “He committed heresy against the Church which could be punished by death.” Although Luther was under the impression he was in the right that does not mean this did not cause a lot of conflicts not only between himself and the Roman Catholic Church, but also for the Western European Culture in general.
Lastly, Lutheranism did not view transubstantiation in the same way as with Catholicism. Though Lutheranism maintained the closest in practices of the Catholic Church, it was their abuses of those sacraments that swayed Luther to reform. His initial intention was not to d... ... middle of paper ... ...lief that Jesus Christ is the son of God and He died to atone for every man’s sins. The marked difference during reformation was doing away with the authority of The Roman Catholic Church. The Protestants did not have a Pope or Bishop as head of their church.
Through the eras of the Middle Ages, many Protestants demanded to have a personal relationship with God without the influence of the Catholic Church. The Protestants started to think for themselves as a religion, and Martin Luther first paved the way. Martin Luther first visited Wittenberg, Germany, and made a list of complaints that he had with the Catholic Church. A short while after, he published his list of complaints to the door of a German church, and they were called the Ninety-Five Theses. In response, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther in 1521.
By doing this, Luther was challenging the Church’s teachings and views about indulgences. Many people listened to Luther and his explanation as to why the purchase of indulgences was wrong. Other points Luther makes in his 95 Theses are that the Pope has no power over Purgatory and that buying indulgences gives people false hope and a false sense of security. In 1517, he nailed his famous 95 Theses to the doors of the church in Wittenberg, Germany. In the 95 Theses, Luther questions the Church and proposes a debate.
Those who classify with these, and all of Luther's broader teachings, are called Lutherans however Luther asserted on Christian as the only suitable name for individuals who acknowledged Christ. He strongly opposed absolute power corruption , and position abuse of the popes. He disputed the claim that freedom from God's penalty for sin could be purchased with financial values, or granted solely by a pope, because forgiveness comes only from God. He did all he could to cease the violence and revolutionary uprising that he thought it could have been connected directly to him through misinterpretations of his writings. I totally believe that Martin Luther was innocent for the following three reasons: F... ... middle of paper ... ...did not write his 95 Theses as a way to begin a whole new reformation: he just wanted to provide the ignite for a discussion.
But reading St. Paul’s letters he came to believe that salvation came though faith in Christ. Faith is a free gift, he discovered, it cannot be earned. His studies led him to a conclusion that, “Christ was the only mediator between God and a man and that forgiveness of sin and salvation are given by god’s grace alone” (Martin Luther, 01). Historians agree that, “this approach to theology led to a clash between Luther and the Church officials, precipitating the dramatic events of Reformation”. To construct Saint Peters Basilica, Archbishop Albert borrowed money from the Fuggers (wealthy banking family).
In 1521, Luther was excommunicated by Pope Leo X. Luther was then ordered to appear before a council which demanded that he retract his teachings. Luther intern stated that unless he was inspired to do so by scripture he would not "since it is neither safe nor right to go against conscience." Possible the most important contribution of Luther to society was his translation of the Bible into German. This made it possible for those who were not fluent in Greek to study the Word of God. Luther also wrote another influential work, Small Catechism of 1529, which was also known as the layman's Bible.
To many commoners autonomy from the Pope predestined liberty from the totalitarian rule. The Ninety-Five theses was a proposal for freedom, the Catholic church was appalled that Martin Luther had the audacity to criticize their doctrine. Luther’s ambition encouraged believers to obtain from excessive pomps and to use the gospel as the sole basis of devotion. Luther did not empathize the idea of religious severity and felt the Catholic priest was threatening freewill. Martin Luther’s tactics were audacious and clever… a man who publicly ostracized himself from Catholicism to advocate change.