Confinements: Fertility and Infertility in Contemporary Culture. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1997. Rothman, Barbara Katz. In Labor: Women and Power in the Birthplace. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1982.
The employment opportunities for women enlarged and women began to slowly gain their rights as full citizens, finally receiving the right to vote in 1920. The attitudes of the women in the work force also changed as time progressed. At first, they struggled for even the opportunity to work. As the century progressed, they became more active in union activities and, as newspapers from the period demonstrate, they fought to achieve better working conditions and better wages. By 1900, many poor and working-class young women, mostly of Northern white extraction, were leaving the confines and moral structures of their families and elders and venturing forth to the large industrial cities such as New York (Lunbeck 781).
Rappaport, Doreen, American Women: Their Lives In Their Words New York: Crowell Junior Books, 1990. Smith, Margaret Chase, Gallant Women Toronto: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1968. Weisberg, Barbara, Susan B. Anthony/Woman Suffragist Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1988.
Journal of Economic Perspectives, 10(4), 139-158. McLaughlin, S. D. (1988). The Changing Lives of American Women. Charlotte, NC:University of North Carolina Press. O’Neill, W. (1989).
Gornick, Janet and Meyers, Marcia, Families That Work: Policies for Reconciling Parenthood and Employment. (New York: The Russell Sage Foundation, 2003) 4. Pateman, Carole, "Three Questions about Womanhood Suffrage" in Suffrage and Beyond: International Feminist Perspectives" ed. Caroline Daley and Melanie Nolan. (Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press, 1994) 5.
Kellog, Susan and Steven Mintz. Domestic Revolutions: A Social History of American Family Life. New York: The Free Press, 1988. Print. Theriot, Nancy M. Mothers and Daughters in Nineteenth-Century America: The Biosocial Construction of Femininity.
WORKS CITED Restuccia, F. L. "The Name of the Lily: Edith Wharton's Feminism(s)." The House of Mirth: Case Studies in Contemporary Criticism. Benstock, S. (ed.). New York, Bedford Books, 1994, 404-418.
Malika Alami-Binani Professor Kirkham English 395 May 7, 2014 Paper 2: In Response to Anger Betty Friedan and Audra Lorde are two feminist authors who represent different waves of feminism. Friedan represents second-wave feminism; in fact, she is often credited with igniting a flame beneath the movement when she published The Feminine Mystique. This is the movement associated with white, middle and upper class housewives in the 1960s through the 1980s. Lorde represents third-wave feminism. A response to or even a backlash against second-wave feminism, third-wave feminism is typically associated with the 1990s.