Marginalization Theory Of Globalization In Africa

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NAME: NJELI SIMON ID: 635801 COURSE: CONTEMPORARY THEORIES AND IDEOLOGIES LECTURER: MUTISYA KISEMEI SEMESTER: SPRING 2014 TASK: A SUMMARY OF “ANTIGLOBALIZATION FORCES THE POLITICS OF RESISTANCE, AND AFRICA: PROMISES AND PERILS.” INTRODUCTION Osei Prempeh introduces his article by admitting that globalization, which is evident in the current restructuring of the global economy, is a powerful makeover that has achieved a dominating status in society due to its “operative logic and ideological connotation.” (P.580) According to the writer, the unfair spread of globalization has elicited political movements whose primary purpose is to question globalization’s marginalization practices and its tendency to turn the voices of the poor into mere whispers. In the article, Prempeh questions the counter-hegemonic processes as portrayed in the 1999 writing of Richard Falk that critiques the predatory “up-down” globalization. The writer doubts the extent to which the counter hegemonic agenda, which is spearheaded by an elite civil society integrates voices of the poor and ostracized African who are carrying the burden of globalization. In this article, the writer examines globalization dialogue with prominence given to a counter-hegemonic crusade to determine “its true revolutionary credentials as it relates to Africa.” (p. 582) UNDERSTANDING GLOBALIZATION The writer begins by endeavoring to define the term ‘globalization.’ After sampling the work done by multi- disciplinary scholars, he opines that the term globalization is invoked when referring to a long list of topics including politics, culture, economics, technology and social trends that are hegemonic in nature. With a strong reliance on ... ... middle of paper ... ... effects of globalization have given birth to a movement within the civil society that aims to challenge segregation tendencies of top-down globalization. Noting that the movement is which is spearheaded by the civil society still in its infancy, he cautions against over emphasis on its liberation credentials and argues that success of the movement lies in including the truly marginalized Africans from grass root through national to transnational levels in decision making processes. Ignoring rural voiceless Africans, he asserts, risks marginalizing and disempowering the very people that the movement was formed to protect, just like the market and finance relying hegemonic neo-liberal practices. REFERENCE Prempeh, E. (2004) Anti-Globalization Forces, the Politics of Resistance, and Africa: Promises and Perils. Journal of Black Studies. 34(4), 580-598.
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