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Marbury V. Madison: The Most Important Cases In The History Of The Supreme Court

analytical Essay
711 words
711 words
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Marbury v. Madison (1803) is one of the most important cases in the history of the Supreme Court. It began in 1800, with the beginning of the Democratic-Republican party of Thomas Jefferson (McBride). John Adams of the Federalist Party had just been defeated and creating political alarm for the group (McBride). John Adams in his final days of presidency decided to appoint a great number of justices of the peace (McBride). The new President Jefferson and his Republicans were infuriated with Adams act before he left office. John Adams passed the Judiciary Act of 1801 that allowed sixteen new federal circuit judges, on his way out of office he nominated all sixteen (American Bar Association). Part of the Judiciary Act of 1801 allowed for legislation to authorize the President to appoint the same number of judges as he thought was necessary. Labeled the Midnight Judges Adam had appointed to office on his exit was confirmed by the Senate, …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that marbury v. madison (1803) is one of the most important cases in the supreme court's history.
  • Explains that adam appointed midnight judges to office on his exit was confirmed by the senate, which was federalist controlled. however, the new president thomas jefferson’s took office when his secretary of the state james madison refused to deliver the commissions.
  • Analyzes how the supreme court ordered james madison to show cause for why a writ of mandamus should not be issued to deliver the documents.
  • Explains that the supreme court could not provide an outcome in favor of marbury because the judiciary act of 1789 expanded the role of the courts pass what is permitted within the constitution.
  • Analyzes how the supreme court declared an act of congress unconstitutional on behalf of the opposite of what the constitution permits.

Before this case, the Supreme Court was never intended to have control beyond the other branches. It established that the Supreme Court was an independent branch of the government, which can exert their ability to implement “constitutional limits on their powers” (American Bar Association). The case also created the concept of judicial review, the ability for the Court to review a statue, for being unconstitutional (Kelly).It also showed what was intended for the branches of government to be coequal. The direct outcome that came from the decision that denied power to the Supreme Court, also established the rule that the duty of the judicial department is to give or take how the law is (History.com). The outcome from the Marbury v. Madison case showed that the final arbiter of the principles of the Constitution is the Supreme

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