ABC- CLIO eBook Collection. Web. 26 May 2011. Ware, Leland. “Carmichael Stokely (Kwame Ture) (1941-98), Civil Rights Activist.” Encyclopedia of African American Popular Culture.
Douglass, born in 1818, grew up as a slave on Colonel Lloyd’s plantation in eastern Maryland. At the time, abolitionist movements started gaining speed as popular parties in the North. In the North, pro-slavery white mobs attacked black communities in retaliation for their efforts. By the time Douglass escaped from slavery, in 1838, tensions ran high among abolitionists and slaveowners. Slaves published accounts of their harrowing escapes, and their lives in slavery, mainly with the help of ghostwriters.
The history of abolition directly relates to the many obstacles Americans faced when trying to change societies laws and ideas about slavery. Slavery was an accepted facet of life because it was part of the old institution; it existed in every colony and played an integral part in shaping social structure and forming successful economies. The Virginian Law of 1780 awarded all veterans of the war on independence with 300 acres of land and a slave. Another example that shows how accepting Americans were of slavery is that every founding father owned slaves during their lifetime. Owning slaves became something people thought they were entitled to, it was a right that they had.
Print Jeans, Suzanne. The Enduring Vision: A history of the American People. Boston: wadsworth, 2008. Print McPherson, James M. Frederick Douglass: Studies in American Negro life. NY: Atheneum, 1976 Print Moore, Jacqueline M. Booker T. Washington, W.E.B.
History of African Americans after Reconstruction During reconstruction the United States was divided on social issues, presidential campaigns were won and loss on these issues during this period. The struggle for development of African Americans and how they initiated change in political, economic, educational, and social conditions to shape their future and that of the United States. (Dixon, 2000) The South’s attempts to recover from the Civil war included determining what to do with newly freed slaves and finding labor to replace them. The task of elevating the Negro from slave to citizen was the most enormous one which had ever confronted the country. Local governments implemented mechanisms of discrimination to combat citizenship and equality such as Jim Crow laws and the KKK (Bowles, 2011) in place in the south to ensure the white citizen superiority, these inherent beliefs continued for generations.
These may not have been considered families not too long ago, but now must be recognized because we live in such a diverse society. What I want to focus on is the African-American family, in terms of what they had to go through before, during, and after slavery. As well as, where they are now and where it’s going in the future. When Africans were brought to America during slavery they were forced to give up most of their heritage and were usually separated from their families. This common occurrence usually brought about tremendous pain and grief to the slaves.
For purposes of this discussion, it is the intent of this author to assess the plight of African Americans at a time when they were merely slaves, captives taken forcibly by rich white American merchants to a new and strange land called America. Right from the very beginning, slavery was a controversial issue. It was fraught with the constant reminder of man's inhumanity to man. This was evidenced in the literature as well as movements such as the abolitionists, and one most notably John Brown, who has been portrayed as a kind of maniacal character, who would stop at nothing to see this God given mandate carried out. Similarly, books such as "Uncle Tom's Cabin" by Harriet Beecher Stowe did much to fuel the controversy that was slavery in the United States.