Indentured servitude was a practice heavily implemented in the 1600s in which a man or woman from England would serve someone usually for a specific, temporary time period. Numerous men and women came to the New World as indentured servants because they wanted to leave their troubles in England and obtain land or make themselves prosperous in various ventures. In addition, indentured servitude lessened the serious labor shortages in the New World. In exchange for their time as a servant, the man or woman would supposedly gain passage to America, food, and housing. However, many indentured people would finish their term, receiving nothing and being unable to earn a living on their own. Though many servants volunteered for their position; countless convicted criminals, Scottish and Irish prisoners, orphans, beggars, and abductees were taken to the New World without their consent. In the Chesapeake area, women made up 25% of the indentured servant population and could normally marry after their servitude ended. On the other hand, men did not usually have the alternative of marriage as women did. As a result, numerous
As production of goods such as rice and tobacco increased in the New World and native Indians decreased in population, it became evident there was need for an alternative labor source. Following the example of the British and via a treacherous sea voyage, two kinds of labor came to the colonies from Europe and Africa: indentured servants and slaves respectively. Once on land, slaves were the bottom of the food chain and indentured servants slightly higher. “As a Pennsylvania judge explained in 1793, indentured servants occupied a middle rank between slaves and free men” (Tindall, Shi 116). In terms of the work and their way of life in the colonies however, slaves and indentured servants while still under contract had a few similarities. At first due to the fact that they were cheaper, colonists chose to use indentured servants. After Bacon’s rebellion when slaves and servants up rose against their masters and failed, racism increased in the colonies, and servitude of slaves was made permanent. Slaves became the preferred form of labor. Before taking on their different roles however, slaves and indentured servants had to survive the voyage to the colonies.
The prerequisite to the formation of the American colonies was the recognition that their sole purpose was to satisfy the needs of their mother country: Britain. This idea of mercantilism had a profound effect on the economic growth of the thirteen colonies. The colonies were generally “dumping grounds” for surpluses, as well as a place to find raw materials, which would ultimately lead to an income of gold. In order to achieve these goals, Britain passed a series of Navigation Acts, beginning in 1650. They called for British ships to control all trade, and for goods going to the colonies to stop in London first.
The indentured servant system was a major part in the early history of America. Need and greed combined to form a system of hired labor. Becoming a servant was the easiest way for people wanting to go to the New World, to escape from the English. In the end, Its rise and fall led to slavery, one of the most controversial topics in American history.
King Charles II had wanted to expand his power in America and Asia as the crown has pursued policies through their ministers to keep manufacturing and international trade in British hands. They did this by the Navigation Acts, which was passed by Parliament, England wanted to cease all trade going directly to France, Spain, the Netherlands or any other country. For England only had allowed the American colonies to produce
The Cheap labour provided by Slaves from the 14th to the 17th century was crucial to the prosperity and advances made, during The Age of Exploration. The only costs associated with slavery was the purchase, transport and upkeep of slaves, and in most cases, the slaves themselves provided their own food. This made slavery extremely cheap, which was especially needed in a time where a large portion of a countries’ GDP was being used to fund their empire and conquests and little was left to build and maintain the buildings of home and their colonies. Moreover, in the case of the Americas, the cheap labour slaves provided was crucial. For instance, when settlers first arrive they must clear land, build houses and of course, farm the land. All of which requires a lot of labour which in the only recently settled America’s is not only hard to find, but also expensive and investment which was also scarce. Therefore, with the addition of slaves, farmers were able to run a farm for almost nothing, but export there produce, such as tobacco for a high price, increasing prosperity in both Europe, and the Americas. Robert Fogel and Stanley Engerman supported this statement heavily in their book “Time on the Cross”...
The Navigation Act was passed to support mercantilism, or to help the mother country gain more by receiving goods from the colonies. The colonie´s main purpose has always been to support Britain but now the colonists are protesting only cause of the taxes. The Navigation Acts permitted the colonists from selling tobacco and sugar to any country other than Britain; it also meant that shipments had to go through Britain first and the ships had to be owned by the
The Navigation Acts, passed by English Parliament in October of 1651 in need of money, were designed not only to make the government richer but to make Great Britain’s control of trade
Before the Seven Years' war there was a period of Salutary Neglect.Britain didn't enforce the Navigation Laws and their involvement with the colonies was minimal.Navigation Laws was created to enforced mercantilism.Mercantilism was a belief that the colonies should export more than they import.The colonies role in mercantilism was to provide raw materials.Colonists were
When America was first founded the colonists believed that they could do one of two things. They could either ask for entire families and groups of people to come over from England to start family farms and businesses to help the colony prosper. The other option was to take advantage of the lower class people and promise them land and freedom for a couple of years of servitude (Charles Johnson et al, Africans in America 34). Obviously the second option was used and this was the start of indentured servitude in colonial America. The indentured servants that came from England were given plenty of accommodations in exchange for their servitude. They were also promised that after their time of service was complete that they would receive crops, land, and clothing to start their new found lives in America. Men, children, and even most criminals, rushed to the ports hoping to be able to find work in America and soon start their new life. However, a large quantity of them either died on the voyage over, died from diseases, or died from the intensity of their work, before their servitude was complete (Johnson et al, Africans, 34). America finally began to show signs of prosperity due to the crop, tobacco. The only problem now was that the majorit...