Mannerism in Florence and Rome

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Mannerism in Florence and Rome - considered to be more self- consciously "artificial" - derived from aspects of Raphael and Michelangelo - cold formalism was considered to be inner vision Rosso - (1494-1540), Italian painter, whose early works helped define Italian mannerism - later was a founder of French mannerism - was born Giovanni Battista di Jacopo di Guasparre in Florence - early work had odd perspectives, violent colors, and harsh lighting - 1523 Rosso moved to Rome, where he was influenced by Italian artist Michelangelo and Italian mannerist painter Parmigianino - work then acquired new beauty and expressed more tempered emotions Pontormo - (1494-1557), Italian painter, whose style is marked by elongated forms, heightened emotion, and tension between figures and space - Born in Pontormo, he worked chiefly in Florence - initially assisted Florentine painter Andrea del Sarto and later did much work for the ruling Medici family. Parmigianino - (1503-1540), Italian painter and etcher, whose work is among the most graceful and elegant of the school of mannerism - born Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, or Mazzuoli, in Parma - influenced by Italian painter Correggio and Roman painter Raphael Self Portrait - looked through a mirror as done before in previous times - used leonardo's type of sfumato - hand is much bigger than reality of it Bronzino - (1503-1572), Italian painter, the outstanding artist of the Tuscan High Mannerist style - produced portraits and religious pictures - style is cold, refined, aristocratic, and technically brilliant in its rendering of surface details and colors - display the typical mannerist characteristics of elongated forms and crowded, angular compositions... ... middle of paper ... ...eam in which the psyche retreats into womb like sanctuary - principle difference lies in approach - uses symbol in nature Leonard Romanticism is Ultimately Fatal - suggest meaning that is personal - turtures erotisicm - no romantic knight in shining armor Artists as Photographs Hockney Gregory Watching the Snow Fall, Kyoto, Feb. 21 - discrete eye movement containing a piece of visual data - gaps in the matrix of the image - fragmentary to its edge through the loss of acuity - resulting shape of collage is masterpiece of design - establish our position clearly - viewers view of psychological relationship surrounding the world Lemieux Truth - image about sound or the lack of it - visual counterpart to saying " Hear no evil, speak no evil, see no evil" - used a process known as deconstruction - truth emerges a matter of relative perspective

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