Bipolar disorder was previously known as mania or manic depressive disorder until around 1980. It was recognized as a disorder sometime around the second century. However, it was not until 1650 when Richard Burton wrote the book, The Anatomy of Melancholia, that put together mania and depression that it was seen as a real problem. Bipolar disorder is characterized by a combination of depression, or feeling low or sad, and mania, which is extreme happiness. It includes mood swings ranging from anger and anxiety to being overly excited. The behavior varies over spans of time. More than four million people in the United States have been diagnosed and include men, women, and children, and 25 percent experience symptoms off and on during their life. Bipolar disorder can be diagnosed and is treatable. It is important to recognize the symptoms and identify the appropriate treatment because of the serious complications associated in absence of treatment. Bipolar disorder can be managed, and those with the disorder can lead productive lives in society.
Affecting nearly one percent of the population of the United States, bipolar disorder has quickly become one of the leading forms of mental illness (Spearing). While advancements in medical science and technology have allowed researchers and physicians to understand its elements more clearly, the effects of bipolar disorder are tragic and often deadly. Often the negative results occur due to a lack of proper diagnosis: some seventy-five percent of bipolar cases go untreated (Spearing). Through proper education and public awareness, this serious disease can be properly diagnosed, treated and possibly cured.
The human brain is a very complex system, much like a city it strives for order and efficiency. However a patient with Bipolar Disorder has a very chaotic type of brain function; causing changes in mood and sometimes suicidal thoughts
Bipolar disorder is classified as a chronic illness that may require a life-long treatment plan to keep under control. Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive disorder. A person that has bipolar disorder can experience drastic variations in their moods ranging from manic highs to depressive lows. Bipolar experiences can vary all depending on the individual. Through this paper we will look at the influences, causes, symptoms, and treatments of this disease.
Bipolar disorder was formerly known as manic-depressive disorder, named after the two “poles” of the condition. Bipolar disorder is the extreme swings of mood and activities level. A person will wing from one pole to the next with no warning. Depressions and lethargy are one end of the spectrum of emotions and extreme elation and hyperactivity is the other end. This disorder is alternate periods of mania. A person could go years without going to either extreme or they could constantly go back and forth from each side of the spectrum. There are about five levels in the spectrum, the two farthest apart are extreme depression and the maniac phase. The next two in are mild depression and some elation and agitation. Right in the middle of the spectrum is the calm, people show no signs of the disorder and carry on like a normal human being. The maniac phase is very wild and uncontrolled, the depression phase is very lonely and painful; although scientists have yet to find the exact cause of the disorder there are treatments that can help this disorder.
Mental illness, today we are surround by a broad array of types of mental illnesses and new discoveries in this field every day. Up till the mid 1800’s there was no speak of personality disorder, in fact there was only two type of mental illness recognized. Those two illnesses as defined by Dr. Sam Vaknin (2010), “”delirium” or “manial”- were depression (melancholy), psychoses, and delusions.” It was later in 1835 when J. C. Pritchard the British Physician working at Bristol Infirmary Hospital published his work titled “Treatise on Insanity and Other Disorder of the Mind” this opened the door to the world of personality disorder. There were many story and changes to his theories and mental illness and it was then when Henry Maudsley in 1885 put theses theories to work and applied to a patient. This form of mental illness has since grown into the many different types of personality disorder that we know today. Like the evolution of the illness itself there has been a significant change in the way this illness is diagnosed and treated.
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong mood disorder characterized by periods of mania, depression, or a mixed manic-depressive state. The condition can seriously affect a person’s reasoning, understanding, awareness, and behavior. Acco...
Bipolar Disorder is one of the oldest known illnesses (Barg). The study of the disorder began in the first century when Aretaeus of Cappadocia, a greek physician and philosopher linked the ideas of melancholy and mania (Burton). Although his ideas went unobserved for centuries, his ideas became relevant in the modern era (Krans). The modern view of the disorder arose in the 19th century when Jean-Pierre Falret proposed the idea that it ran in families and had a strong genetic tie (Burton). In the 1900's, German psychiatrist Emil Kraerelin observed that the untreated disorder involved symptom-free intervals, which differentiated it from schizophrenia (Burton). This later was accepted as the prevalent theory in the 1930's (Barg). Throughout the
Bipolar Disorder is a complex psychological disorder, a mental illness also known as manic depression. In Margarita Tartakovsky’s article “Bipolar Disorder Fact Sheet” she states “Approximately 2.6 percent of American adults have bipolar disorder.” People who are affected by this condition experience brutal mood swings that could impair their daily activities and have a negative effect on their lives and relationships. It can cause the individuals to make very poor decisions and even lead to drug and alcohol abuse. They experience high and low mood changes which can be very exhausting not only to the person with the condition, but there family and loved ones as well. When one is experiencing a “high” in mood, they can feel like they are invincible. They become very self-confident and feel like they can do anything, which can lead to overspending, reckless thinking, and bad decision making. When experiencing a “low,” the individual becomes very depressed, sad, and even feels hopeless. According to Tartakovsky, “suicide attempts are very common in bipolar disorder, especially during depressive episodes.” There are several types of bipolar disorders, but the two main types are Bipolar I and Bipolar II. Bipolar I is the definitive type of the bipolar disorder, and the person will constantly go through both the manic and depressive stages of the condition. The length of these episodes will differ from time to time. In Bipolar II, the manic stages are not as severe as Bipolar I; nevertheless, the depressive stages are quite similar (bipolar). But what causes this life altering mental illness? Several factors contribute to the cause of bipolar disorder such as genetics, biology, and environment.
Bipolar disorder is best defined as a mental disorder marked by alternating periods of elation and depression. It is also known as Manic-Depressive illness. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, approximately 2.6 percent of American adults have bipolar disorder (Tartakovsky). This illness can be recognized by unusual shifts in mood, and symptoms are severe. There is no single cause for bipolar disorder, but rather multiple contributing factors such as the environment and genetics.