The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was one of the most secretive projects in the history of the United States. It took place during World War II and its purpose was to create a bomb by splitting atoms apart. This project was a success and created one of the most devastating bombs ever used by mankind, the atomic bomb. The president at the time, Harry S. Truman, had to face the many factors that were involved in making the decision to drop the bomb. In this paper I will discuss those and the events leading up to The Manhattan Project.
The Germans tried to use this energy, as did the United States and Russia. Americans spent billions of dollars on the Manhattan Project, headed by J. Robert Oppenheimer. This project was held in Los Alamos, New Mexico. The bomb produced a huge explosion. Although this explosion was spectacular, the deadly force of an atomic bomb was shown when the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima during War II.
Maybe the first step towards the atomic bomb was when Einstein sent his fabled letter to President Roosevelt. Regardless of when exactly these events started, they would lead to the creation of one of the most dangerous weapons to ever be conceived. World renowned physicists, such as Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard, would help build the atomic bomb and vastly improve America’s understanding of science with their inventions, including the Chicago Pile-1. Bigger and greater experiments were then done by the Uranium Committee and the famed Manhattan Project, all building up to the fatal day of the bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These attacks would rock the foundations of war, as it changed all previous parameters.
The development of the Atomic bomb is the most impressive scientific development in history. The development of the bomb began with scientists working on independent projects, which climaxed with the Manhattan Project, and merged full strength with the testing at Trinity. The background and history of the science that lead up to the Manhattan Project is important because it incorporates many ideas from prior decades. The Manhattan Project is the largest demonstration of the scientific community coming together ever. Hundreds and thousands of people and communities came together for one common goal, to end World War II.
The Manhattan project was one of the largest and most expensive military lead projects in the United States. After all the violence was that where fought using these weapons the world has learned something about weapons of mass destruction of life. The chemical weapons used in the first world war where devastating to the crops, land, and people of Europe and Germany. The weapons used in the seconded world war have forever changed the way people think about bombs and nuclear power.
When the atoms split it releases energy and if you put billions of these atoms together it could start a chain reaction and make a massive explosion. Three physicists leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, and Edward Teller, believed that a nuclear weapon was possible and germany already started working on one. They thought that this was very important to the war effort so important that the president, Franklin D. Roosevelt has to know about it. However they were not well known enough to get the attention of the president so they got the famous theoretical physicist Albert Einstein. Albert Einstein signed the letter and gave it to Roosevelt and he said that this needed action so Leo Szilard asked for six thousand dollars worth of materials to produce a nuclear chain reaction.
Along with Albert Einstein, they wrote a letter to President Roosevelt warning that Nazi Germany might also be working towards a uranium bomb; many of the important discoveries in atomic physics had been made at German universities. Roosevelt responded by setting up an advisory committee on uranium in October 1939. Under the aegis of this committee, American scientists at several centres examined the problem. The uranium that fissions is an isotope, a variation of an element that is chemically indistinguishable but different in its atomic structure. It is uranium-235, which constitutes only 0.7 per cent of uranium.
When two German scientists, Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassman, demonstrated nuclear fission in December of 1938, American scientists feared that Germany would begin to build an atomic bomb (Wainstock, 35). Because of this, Albert Einstein sends a letter to President Roosevelt in August of 1939. It is this letter that encourages the President to form a committee to investigate atomic research. American scientists, including Einstein, also persuaded the President to undertake the bomb's development. This secret government effort became known as the Manhatten Project.
In this race, it was for the creation of the fission bomb. Albert Einstein was also one of the scientists working on fission type reaction. Something different about Einstein is that he is from Germany, a country from the Axis power, and is helping the United States. He is helping the United States instead of Germany because he moved to the United States before Hitler became leader. In 1944, the United States knew Ger... ... middle of paper ... ...knows the United States has the power to use fission bombs.
During World War II, the Americans fought a two-front war, with pressure from both Japan and Germany. The United States, aware that Germany was threatening to build an atomic weapon, created a secret project to develop the technology first. Under the codename, the Manhattan Project, leading scientists carried out top secret research on fission and the technology needed to create the first atomic bomb. The immediate impact of the Manhattan Project was the dropping of two atomic bombs on Japan, ending the war in the Pacific. However, more important influences of this project can be seen following the detonation of the first bombs.