An organization is often viewed as systems and management is often defined as human action that facilitate any organization , in other words management is said to be a distinct process that comprises of planning , organizing , actuating and controlling. It is practiced in order to accomplish pre determined objectives. (George R. Terry) Leadership is another facet that accelerates the further process of management , it is one of the key components of direction which is further termed as an asset required for successful management of an organization. Management and leadership are two different notions that are interchangeable but having different approaches with a similar outlooks. Management as a whole is a process that is having main focus on completion of task efficiently at minimal cost. The main aim of a management is to direct all the activities related to an organization towards accomplishment of targeted goals. On the flip side leadership is said to be more directed towards vision and inspiration, it is often regarded as an influential process in an organization that is carried on by an individual which has a focus on achieving the targeted goal that is recognized and benchmarked by the management. In today’s 21st century both effective mangers as well as efficient leader play a vital role.
Leadership is defined as ‘the process in which an individual influences the group of individuals to attain a common goal’. The goal is achieved by cooperation, communication and cohesive behaviour. A leader is someone who stands for his cause and takes responsibility, but can also motivate others to do the same. There is a clear difference between being a boss and a leader. A leader can motivate others and inspires them to aim high and achieve anything they set their minds to. However a boss plays more of a supervising role. Power should naturally come to a leader but that power should be treated with respect and never be abused. A good leader should;
...In Too Many Bosses, Too Few Leaders, (Pashawaria, 2011) the author asks the question, “Of all the bosses you’ve had in your career, how many would you call truly great leaders? For the purpose of this question, a great leader is someone who inspired you to show up every morning and do your best possible work, someone who made you believe in yourself, someone who genuinely cared about your success, and someone whom you wanted to follow willingly.”
What is leadership? Leadership is having the ability to give guidance to those that will follow. Those that follow will help to complete the mission. Leadership is a soft science, just as anthropology, sociology and psychology. It cannot be proven exactly what it is. Leadership is an art, the skillful application of leadership behaviors beyond techniques is much the same as the skillful application of brushstrokes by a master painter. Leadership is both rational and emotional. It involves both sides of human experience. It includes actions and influences based on reason and logic as well those based on inspiration and passion. Leadership is a social process shared among all members of a group. Leadership development comes through experience. We all learn from our different experiences. Whether positive or negative, they are our tools for growth and development.
Management and leadership skills in nursing and other healthcare professions are becoming a more and more widely spoken of subject, as they are essential skills for everyday practice in delivering care (Gopee and Galloway, 2009). Effective management requires the nurse to be able to draw on evidence based knowledge and experience to develop the ability to manage competently during practice. Skills without knowledge, appropriate attitude and understanding will not equate to competency (Watson, 2002).
The aim of this assignment is to analyze the relevant concepts, theories and models about leadership and describe one person who could be identified as leader and analyze how effective this person’s leadership is and why it is effective. Defining what is leadership comes first, second will provide an overview about my organization and the importance of leadership. Moving forward will address the different type of leaders and the difference between management and leadership. We will address as well, the theories of effective leadership; and last but not least, identify our leader and conclude a summary of this assignment.
Leadership and Management are two very important positions to have for anyone in an organization. Both of these positions come with a great deal of responsibilities; however, they both serve two different purposes and responsibilities in an organization, along with a different sent of guidelines. This paper will differentiate between Leadership and Management, give two recommendations to create and maintain a healthy organizational culture and give two examples to support the recommendations.
Within the organizational structure of most businesses you will likely find management and leadership coexisting. Commonly, the words are often substituted for one another. However, each word has a distinctly different definition. A manager does not necessarily make a good manager. Management is defined as those individuals in an organization that have the authority and the responsibility to manage the organization through the control of production processes and ensuring that they operate efficiently and effectively. Leadership is defined as the skills and ability to set future goals in accordance with the organizational goals and to communicate those goals to other employees in such a way that they voluntarily and harmoniously work together to accomplish those goals for the benefit of the organization. In this paper, I will differentiate between management and leadership.
Socrates said “The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.” (Socrates). If by starting out with Socrates words in mind then people go can in with a clean slate and open mind to the project ahead of them. It will also help leaders and team members alike to ask themselves how asking questions impacts the success of a project. However, asking questions alone isn’t enough; depending upon the project and your role certain questions need to be asked. Also, once the questions start flowing how leaders or a team member know that all the right questions have asked, in a sense crossing your “t” and dotting your “i”.
Management and leadership, two words that are considered synonymous and are often used in the same context, yet they do not mean the same thing and they describe two different concepts. According to the dictionary, management is 1) The act, manner or practice of managing; handling, supervision, or control; 2) The person or persons who control or direct a business or other enterprise; 3) Skill in managing; executive ability; where as leadership is 1) The position or office of a leader; 2) Capacity or ability to lead; 3) A group of leaders; 4) Guidance; direction. In many organizations, management is a job description; leadership is a positive trait. Managers tend to think incrementally, while leaders think radically. This difference in perspectives is that leaders tend to lead with emotion and concern for their subordinates; managers tend to follow guidelines and company policies while utilizing management functions to achieve their desired goals.
“Leaders instill in their people a hope for success and a belief in themselves. Positive leaders empower people to accomplish their goals.” -Unknown
Kruse (2013) posits that leadership and management are not synonymous. Thus he defines leadership as, a process of social influence, which maximizes the efforts of others towards the achievement of a goal. He contends that leadership stems from social influence and not authority or power; it requires the involvement of others and must include a goal. Therefore, key elements of good leadership include ability to delegate, determine what is doable, and being able to lead by example. These elements provide the framework for purpose, direction and motivation.
In my view leadership and management are two different aspects which are equally important for development of any organization. Both are interdependent sometimes depending on certain situations. Leadership is something which imbibes the quality to inspire, motivate, build trust and relationships, provide ideas and make some spontaneous decisions accordingly; whereas Management is something which involves balancing all factors responsible to run any kind of organization.
Presently many of us have learned that managers are primarily administrators who have learned to write business plans, utilize their resources and keep track of progress. We must learn that we are not limited by job title, and that means we can utilize our management skills in any position that we are in. We must also know that we can use our leadership skills in the same situations. On the other hand we have also learned that leaders are people who have an impact on those that surround them. The main difference that separates these two roles is that management is a function that must be utilized in any type of business, and leadership is the relationship that the leader has with his followers, which in turn can motivate and energize the organization.
Although leadership and management have some similarities they are not the same, in fact, there are several differences between leadership and management. Management does not include leadership even though they are both used throughout an organization and could be used together and is often referred to as one. Leadership and management involve some interaction and communications in any organization. However, the methods that are used are not linked, but they may share a similar function.