Management Concepts and Systems

1560 Words7 Pages
Management Concepts and Systems The National Academy of Sciences notes that the United States has many of the world’s most successful clinical research facilities and cutting edge medical technology, but there has not been as much of an effort to establish a system to measure the quality of care and the productivity of the healthcare system (National Academy of Engineering and Institute of Medicine Committee on Engineering and the Health Care System, 2005). Each of these concepts have certain strengths and weaknesses. The application of these concepts can assure that patients are safe, prevent organizational incidents, and can also help in the investigation of incidents. This paper discusses the strengths and weaknesses of five of these concepts, how these are related to patient safety and can help with the investigation of incidents, illustrates the strengths and weaknesses in a table, and includes a basic incident response tool that integrates the strengths of these concepts. Evidence-Based Management (EBM) is a relatively new model that promises to provide new decision-making tools for caretakers and patients (McLaughlin and Hays, 2008). The strengths of it include three main advantages. First, EBM provides the most objective and reliable way for a medical practice to determine and sustain consistently high quality and safety standards. Second, it helps increase the rate of transferring clinical research findings into practice (Open Clinical, n.d.). Finally, it can help reduce health care costs incredibly. There is the possibility that if all healthcare facilities in the United States were to use EBM, the total annual healthcare costs can be reduced by up to 29% while at the same time significantly improving the outcomes of cl... ... middle of paper ... ... Academy of Engineering (US) and Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Engineering and the Health Care System. (2005). Reid, P.P., Compton, W.D., Grossman, J.H., et. al (Eds.). Building a better delivery system: A new engineering/health care partnership. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press. Retrieved February 22, 2014 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK22878/ Open Clinical. (n.d.). Evidence-based medicine. Retrieved February 22, 2014 from http://www.openclinical.org/ebm.html#benefits Weng, Y.H., Kuo, K.N., Yang, C.Y., Lo, H.L., Chen, C., and Chiu, Y.W. (2013). Implementation of evidence-based practice across medical, nursing, pharmacological and allied healthcare professionals: A questionnaire survey in nationwide hospital settings. Implementation Science, 8. 1-10. Retrieved February 22, 2014 from http://www.implementationscience.com/content/8/1/112
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