Since Sartre believes that there is no transcendent this theory causes man to be alone. Man has only himself to fall back on. Man makes his own future through the actions that he makes. This is where man is defined, and his existence finds meaning.
Man has no one telling him what to do, there may be laws but they are man made and because they man made no one has true control over man. Existentialism is a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining his or her own development through acts of the will. To Sartre, saying that som... ... middle of paper ... ...vious objections. In this paper argued that man creates their own essence through their choices and that our values and choices are important because they allow man to be free and create their own existence. I did this first by explaining Jean-Paul Sartre’s quote, then by thoroughly stating Sartre’s theory, and then by opposing objections raised against Sartre’s theory.
They believe that man was indefinable at first; "he first appears, then defines himself." (1) There are no set plans as to how a man must live. He must make his own decisions and move towards his future with no help [from the outside world. The main idea of existential is what Sartre simply stated as…"I am responsible for myself and for everyone else. I am creating a certain image of my own choosing.
I think that we should be men first, and subjects afterward”(Thoreau 387). He makes the distinction between subjects, those who surrender their consciences, and men, who heed their consciences and judge for themselves. Essentially, he states that our consciences are what define our manhood and that the individual must take it into their own hands instead of leaving it to an unjust government. He reinforces this point by likening those who submit without regard for their own consciences to “movable forts or magazines”. He further elaborates by saying, “ The only obligation, which I have the right to assume is to do at anytime what I think is right”(Thoreau 387).
This is the only way to keep peace and preserve life. These points will lead to why Hobbes called for the citizen to give consent to absolute rule. Prior to issuing the social contract, Hobbes in Leviathan has to define the state of man. In Chapter 8 of Natural Condition of Mankind, as concerning their felicity and misery Hobbes notes the individualism of man. He states how man has no obligation to other people, and that they are the center of the universe.
Yes, he still has a unique identity of his being held in his core, but it is just as real as the identity that others hold around him but only relevant by the existence of belief. Identity is a tool only relevant to those who use it, if man functioned away from society then identity becomes pointless, illogical. Yet as the Narrator chooses to live as a part of society, he is still solely responsible for creating the path that serves to define him negatively.
So if I understand this correctly this means that you need to have existence in order to have essence, so there is no predetermined 'true' thing, it has to already exist in order to become what it is. Therefore man is fully in charge of creating himself as a person, and creating his own future. Subjectivity is also important to Existentialism, and by subjectivity Sartre means that while choosing his own self, man also chooses all man. And he states this idea in this citation "to choose to be this or that is to affirm at the same time the value of what we choose, because we can never choose evil. We always choose the good, and nothing can be good for us without being good for all."
Essentially, in the state of nature, a man has a right to all things. By following this second law of nature, a man gives up certain rights in hopes that other men do the same in pursuit of peace with one another. This mutual transference of rights is called a contract, or covenant. By adhering to the contract, a man gives up whatever rights set forth by the contract. However, man cannot give up his right to defend himself, for the entire purpose of entering the contract is self-preservation.
It was once said by an unknown source that, “one can never hope to discover new oceans if one does ... ... middle of paper ... ...it is due to cultural, or societal conditions (quoted in Hergenhahn and Olson, 1999). Yet emphasis of the meaning in any life and the seeking of those experiences in life that will achieve and maintain life purpose and transcend ones “shell” of existence, is of paramount importance. Man has the capacity to make choices, and our ultimate satisfaction relies completely on making appropriate and correct decisions for ourselves. In closing, man is a social being with a purpose. No two persons have the same purpose, and no two person’s journey to find that purpose is identical.
"Machismo," on the other hand, is defines as "overly virile; domineering." Throughout our lives, society teaches us that "machismo" and "masculinity" are one and the same. This idea could not be further from the truth. While a man may show qualities of machismo, they are not required to be considered masculine. This brings us back to the beginning: What does it mean to be a man?