Malgram´s Electric Shock Experiment: Milgram's Electric Shock Experiment

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Society is dictated by a set of unspoken rules set to maintain the peace within a community. Although it could be argued that these unspoken rules discourage individuality, humans have been trained from a young age to follow them, and often find it difficult to disobey them. Two of the most fundamental unspoken rules are: obedience, which means compliance to an authority figure, and conformity, which means changing one’s opinion in order to fit in with the group. Multiple experiments have been conducted on both phenomena, and have been met with various criticisms. One of the first experiments conducted on social obedience was Milgram’s Electric Shock Experiment, in the early 1960s. Milgram’s experiment is one of the most notorious, albeit controversial studies to have been conducted, and has been met with a lot of criticism over the years. Firstly, it is important to mention that the experiment was conducted in a controlled environment, which allows for a smooth run, but also giving it a low ecological validity, for it is unlikely that the scenario would take place in real life. In addition, the scientist took responsibility for the consequences, affecting the subjects’ self-awareness in that situation. “The…show more content…
Participants were put in groups of three to estimate how far a small spot of light projected on a small screen moved (Sherif, 1935). Firstly, three people per group is too small to be considered a group, as well as not diverse enough to have multiple different opinions within it. Moreover, the task was ambiguous, and the participants were tricked by Sherif into changing their minds when he mentioned he would be changing the light’s position. Although conformity has been a big field of study in psychology, Sherif’s experiment is one of the few ethically appropriate studies on conformity to have been
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