Civil rights engagement prompted death threats from the white racist organization Black Legion, forcing the family to transfer twice before Malcolm's fourth birthday. In 1929 white men burned their home in Lansing, Michigan and two years later, Earl Little was found dead with trolley tracks across his body. Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible. After his father’s death, Malcolm’s mother suffered an emotional breakdown and was committed to a mental institution. All eight of her children were split up and sent to various foster homes and orphanages.
It is thought that his father was murdered by "white terrorists" (Ellis and Smith) in 1931, when the family moved to Michigan. When Malcolm dropped out of school, he became a petty criminal in New York resulting in him going to prison in 1946. In prison, he would convert to Islam, join the Nation of Islam (NOI), and change his name to Malcolm X to "eliminate the part of his name which was his white-imposed slave name" (Ellis and Smith). Now, NOI had an unorthodox interpretation of Islam, with a strict moral code and racial separation. Furthermore, there was a doctrine of black personal responsibility and economic self-sufficiency, which is emphasized in "The Ballot or the Bullet".
Earl’s active part in with the civil rights provoked death threats from the white organization Black Legion, forcing the Little family to relocate. At this time Malcolm experienced friction between his parents and the child abuse of his older siblings by his mother. Despite this hostility, the family lived well in a good part of Michigan. Then one night, after a fight Rev. Little went out to take a walk, Malcolm and family were awaken by the terrible news of their father’s death.
Malcolm’s father followed the teachings of Marcus Garvey. He was a black militant leader. Because of his father being a civil rights activist, their family got a lot of death threats from a white supremacist group called, “Black Legion.” Because of these death threats it conscripted Malcolm and his family to move away two times before he turned four years old. No matter how hard they tried to get away from the Black Legion; they never could. The Legion burnt their house down while they lived in Lansing, Michigan.
He discovered Orthodox Islam and changed his views greatly (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine 949). The Middle East and Africa experiences greatly broadened Malcolm’s mind (Baker 239). His limited vocabulary of Black Nationalism was insufficient to address the challenges he so clearly saw when confronting Africa (Baker 239). Black Nationalism was a huge part of Malcolm’s beliefs and strategies and they in... ... middle of paper ... ...g his Black Nationalist views, political influences, and his political views he changed the face of America and struck fear in the hearts of many racist Caucasian Americans around the U.S. Works Cited Baker, Houston A. “Malcolm X: Life of Reinvention” African American review 45.
Malcolm Little better known as Malcolm X or El-Hajj Malik El- Shabazz was a Muslim minister and a human rights activist. He was one of the most influential people of the civil rights movement during the time of racism and hatred for blacks. He was also known for joining the Nation of Islam and became one its leaders teaching the ways of Islam. Also speaking against the ways of integration than to help it like other civil rights leaders (Martin Luther King). All of this was going well till his death in 1965 at Audubon Ballroom while making a speech.
Du Bois This interesting 1965 article by writer Ralph McGill in The Atlantic combines an interview with Du Bois shortly before his death with McGill 's analysis of his life. In the interview, Du Bois discusses Booker T., looks back on his controversial break with him and explains how their backgrounds accounted for their opposing views on strategies for black social progress The Souls of Black Folk by W.E. B. Du Bois Here is the full text of this classic in the literature of civil rights. It is a prophetic work anticipating and inspiring much of the black consciousness and activism of the 1960s.
There they were harassed by whites who resented the black nationalist views of the father, Earl Little, an organizer for Marcus Garvey's "back-to-Africa" movement. When Malcolm was 6 his father was murdered. His mother later suffered a nervous breakdown, and the family was separated by welfare agencies. Later in his life Malcolm came to believe that white people had destroyed his family. Placed in a series of schools and boardinghouses, Malcolm became a fine student and dreamed of becoming a lawyer.
Whites continued to carry on the tradition of lynching blacks, and supplying them with insufficient resources to survive. 1955 was the year that two of the most tragic events in African American history took place. In August of 1955, Emmett Till, a 14 year old African American, was tortured, shot, and lynched by a group of whites for flirting with a store owner’s wife. When his body was discovered he was unrecognizable. In December of 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to offer her seat to a white man: which started the legendary Montgomery Bus Boycott.