Malcolm X Biography

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Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on Tuesday 19th of May 1925 in the town of Omaha, Nebraska. His parents were called Earl and Louise. Earl, was a follower of Marcus Garvey and was a Baptist minister, he died when Malcolm was only six years old, likely murdered by the Black Legion a sub-section of the KKK. As a result his mother, became the lone carer of nine children, and was later commended to an institution for the insane, consequently of a mental breakdown linked to Earl’s death. Malcolm went to a school in East Lansing, Michigan, flunked out at the eighth grade, and then relocated to live with an older sister in the Roxbury part of Boston. There he became caught up in petty illegal activities. As an out of work street hustler and the front-runner of a multiracial crew of robbers in Roxbury, and shortly in Harlem, he was well-known as "Detroit Red" for the reddish tinge of his hair. In the course of his prison years, he undertook the first of his two conversion occurrences; he embraced the Nation of Islam headed by Elijah Muhammad. Following the tradition of the Nation of Islam, he replaced his surname with an X, embodying what he had been and what he had become: "Ex-smoker. Ex-drinker. Ex-Christian. Ex-slave.” Islam is a religious system centred upon the experiences of Mohammed, who said he was selected by Allah (god) to perform as his divinely inspired demonstrative on Earth. The Nation of Islam is an Islamic sect, an organization with particular beliefs or values that functions within a larger group. The Nation of Islam asserted that most African slaves brought to the Americas were Muslims. Malcolm soon became a popular and fiery public speaker, displaying traits of a charismatic/transformational leader; he was the spokesp... ... middle of paper ... ...d the Muslim name el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz. He then renounced the separatist principles of the Nation of Islam. In 1965, he created the Organization for Afro-American Unity as a political medium to internationalize the plight of black Americans, to make shared cause with Third World nations, and to shift from civil rights to human rights. On 21 February 1965, Malcolm X was assassinated while presenting a lecture at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem, being shot 16 times. In conclusion his ideas and speeches truly contributed to the development of Black Nationalist ideology and the black power movement in the late 1960s in the United States. He provided an inspirational story for the masses of African- Americans, and a voice of their rage and anger towards the infringement of their rights. He indeed was a revolutionary leader, and fate sadly finally caught up with him.

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