What is the disease: Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease to humans and other animals which is caused by parasitic protozoans. You develop it by a female infected mosquito with parasites transmitting its bite through the skin. This can cause severe redness on the area and continuous itching which can cause the bite to inflame. Malaria is quite rare in countries such as the United States, but it is most commonly found in countries such as Southern Asia and Africa. It is said that there is 20 species around the world but there are 4 most common species that cause the disease in humans a few are known as: Plasmodium falciparum, this is the most deadly out of all 4 to humans this lies in the salivary glands of the mosquito and it is transmitted to humans by the females of the Anopheles of the mosquito.
Malaria Introduction to Malaria Malaria is a deadly disease, responsible for 300,000,000 malaria-infected people and over a million deaths annually. It is caused by malaria parasites that have infected mosquitoes, so the disease is transferred into a person’s blood when the mosquito bites us. Malaria-diseased people experience fevers and chills that lingers every few days. The diagnosis of malaria is identified in their blood along with the symptoms. Malaria requires different treatment for mild cases or more severe ones, like mild circumstances usually need an oral medication, but serious conditions need a hospital visit.
It is well known that A.Aegypti is a vector for blood-borne pathogens, with dengue fever and Yellow fever being the most common. (Gizmag)The Dengue Virus is responsible for the creation of the Dengue Fever, which is a tropical disease that causes fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. (Dengue Fever Wikipedia) On the other hand, the Yellow Fever virus contracts Yellow fever, which is an acute viral disease. It causes fever, chills, loss of appetite, nausea, muscle pains, and headaches. Also, it causes 200,000 infections and 30,000 deaths per year.
The mosquito vector for malaria is the mosquito genus Anopheles. Transfers Plasmodiumthrough saliva while feeding on blood. http://www.aaenvironment.com/Pictures/Mosquito.jpg Malaria, mosquitoes, and humans http://www.clongen.com/Plasmodium%20falciparum%20life%20cycle.gif A Mosquito-borne disease Malaria is widespread, and very common in parts of the Americas, Asia, and most of Africa. No vaccine available Only medicine is preventative drugs that must be taken continuously. If infected, there is some antimalarial medication available, most notably quinine.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Plasmodium Malaria is a disease caused by a protozoan parasite and transported by the Anopheles mosquito. Fever is the most common symptom of malaria. Other symptoms include arthralgia and vomiting. The most common diagnosis process for this disease is looking at the patient’s blood under a microscope. If microscopy is not available, antigen detection tests can be used.
Though DDT treatments are still an effective way to stop the spread of malaria, some mosquitos have become resistant to the compound and therefore more methods of prevention must be utilized. WWW Sources 1)Malaria Foundation International http://www.malaria.org/ 2)Malaria Fact Sheet http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/en/ 3)Division of Parasitic Diseases - Malaria http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/malaria/default.htm 4)Malaria in Southern Africa http://www.malaria.org.za/ 5)Roll Back Malaria http://mosquito.who.int/
Web. 20 May 2014. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC). Skip NavigationU.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, 2014.
Malaria is a disease characterized by fever and flu like illness that according to the CDC “if not treated can lead to jaundice, kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death” (CDC p.2. There are four types of malaria: Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae with the most common type being plasmodium falciparum. (CDC p.1) ).. This disease can only be transmitted by an interaction of blood as the parasite lives in the red blood cells of the infected host individual. This can be due to blood transfusions, sharing of syringes or by its common vector, the Anopheles mosquito.Because of its vector being a mosquito malaria is common in areas with warm temperatures and causes the most damage in poor developing nations.