Inspired by the works of Karl Marx, V.I. Lenin nonetheless drew his ideology from many other great 19th century philosophers. However, Marx’s “Communist Manifesto” was immensely important to the success of Russia under Leninist rule as it started a new era in history. Viewed as taboo in a capitalist society, Karl Marx started a movement that would permanently change the history of the entire world. Also, around this time, the Populist promoted a doctrine of social and economic equality, although weak in its ideology and method, overall.
These people died of exhaustion and starvation. Therefore, the mass murders that took place in Cambodia was a genocide and not a civil war as the people of Cambodia had no means to defend themselves while the Khmer Rouge went on a killing spree that cost two million lives in an attempt to “ purge out impudence” and to model Tse Tsung Mao’s communist China .
Pol Pot should have at least gotten punished for his wrongdoing. Pol Pot was the leader of Khmer Rouge who led his communist party to kill twenty five percent of Cambodia resulting from starvation, overwork, and executions.
The Khmer Rouge years was a period of time that devastated all of the small country Cambodia, a story that was so well told by Loung Ung about the Pol Pot regime. The Khmer Rouge years was from 1975 to 1979 (http://www.cambodiatribunal.org). The Khmer Rouge, otherwise known as Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK), conquered Cambodia for four years. The Khmer Rouge forced people to work in the fields including children. To make matters worse, the people that were forced to work were also malnourished and were living in grim conditions (http://www.wcl.american.edu).
This is not so much to say that competition is a negative aspect of the economy; on the contrary, it has been very much an overall positive influence. Communism also does not take into account that human nature has a tendency to create competition. People strive to do their best, for when they do they are most often rewarded. Communism does no such thing, and provides for one of the main flaws that attributes to its failure. In Marx's ideal communist world, the entire populace is equal, and shares everything.
The article states that communism is a higher form of socialism and the ideas Karl Marx laid down to create a classless society through the use of communism. The article has excerpts about how Marx identified two phases of communism and how communism would eventually overthrow capitalism. The article reviews his two phases one of which describes how the working class would control society and the government; the other being Marx’s idea of, “From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs.” After reviewing this I concluded that it is a good source because of its use of historical principles about communism and excerpts from Marx who is known for his studies and ideas that made communism what it is. This article also brings an established definition of communism with various established contributors to develop an educated definition. The article delivers very clean and clear information about communism and the history of communism.
Foremost among these critics were the German philosopher Karl Marx and his associate Friedrich Engels. Like other socialists, they sought an end to capitalism and the exploitation of workers. But whereas some reformers favored peaceful, longer-term social transformation, Marx and Engels believed that violent revolution was all but inevitable; in fact, they thought it was “predicted by the scientific laws of history.” They called their theory “scientific socialism,” or communism. In the last half of the 19th century the terms socialism and communism were often used interchangeably. However, Marx and Engels came to see socialism as merely an intermediate stage of society in which most industry and property were owned in common but some class differences remained.
By pointing out the problems of capitalism, Marx is able to offer his solution which is Communism. So not only is Marx's theory an attack on Capitalism, but it is more importantly a praise of Communism. Capitalism alienates society, whereas Communism unifies society There are many products of alienation but the main ones are property and industry, which Marx calls "alienated life elements" (Ollman 483). As we know industry and property are probably the two most important aspects of a Capitalist society. Industry is the m... ... middle of paper ... ... in for the sole purpose of serving the Capitalists.
The American deficit grows every day, along with the wealth divide between the wealthiest and poorest Americans. The nation’s financial standing is worsening by the second, and something must be done to improve it. The richest Americans are only getting richer in this time of economic crisis, and tax increases for the wealthy are a viable way to more equally distribute wealth throughout the lower classes in the United States. It may be true that some of the wealthiest citizens have earned their money, but action should be taken to help the struggling majority of the country instead of the privileged few. The United States has a responsibility to give the lower classes an opportunity to rise out of poverty, and if the lower class continues to grow like it is now, this nation could have larger problems to deal with in the future.
He theorized that all crises resulted from an overproduction of commodities and capital. When there is a decline... ... middle of paper ... ...he study, “the top 10% of earners in 1928 received 49.29% of total income. In 2007, the top 10% earned a strikingly similar percentage: 49.74 percent.” This data may serve as an indication of the role of inequality in leading to financial crises. When the wealthiest individuals in society are in control of the money, they act irresponsibly, which leads to financial collapses, as experienced during the Great Depression and the recession in 2008. Overall, Marx’s theories identify several aspects of capitalism that inherently cause oscillations between crises and periods of economic expansion.