Truman believed that communism would affect the political stability of other countries. In addition, Truman made one of the most difficult and significant decisions of World War II by announcing that the atomic bombs would be dropped on both Nagasaki and Hiroshima. The atomic bomb symbolized military strength, which posed as a threat to Soviet security. Lastly, the containment policy of the Truman Doctrine prevented the expansion of communism of the Soviet Union, slowing the Communist influence of the Middle East. As the first U.S. President to face the Cold War, Harry S. Truman strongly impacted the Cold War through his political views and contributions, pulling the strings of the relationship of the two Cold War adversaries, the United States and the Soviet Union.
To examine the threats of nuclear war in the cold war I must first look at the causes of the cold war, this would help me analytically later on. Real rivalry was building was building up in the aftermath of WWII between the US and the Soviet Union. But these two countries were a world apart; the US was a democracy whilst the USSR was ruled by communism - two very different creeds. Russians had hardly any freedom while Americans enjoyed freedom in virtually all aspects of life. Another important difference between these two countries which played an important role in the cold war was the economy.
Causes and Effects of the Cold War The Cold War, though never involving any fighting on either side, resulted in one of the biggest scares the U.S. society and government had ever experienced. The Cold War was all in all an extended period of political and military tensions between the United States and our allies in the Western Bloc, and the pre-existing Soviet Union and their allies involved in the Warsaw Pact. If not had been dealt with very carefully, the Cold War would’ve gained a new name after much likely nuclear warfare between world powers. This caused the U.S. to put a new step in their strategy to contain communism. The U.S. started taking the side of any anti-communist country that the USSR tried to gain control of.
The main source of conflict between USA and USSR was the future status of Europe. The USA wanted a democratic capitalist continent that it could influence. The USSR wanted to spread Communism and prevent the disasters of World War II recurring again. While Stalin was a brutal and ruthless dictator responsible for millions of deaths, feared and resented by many eastern Europeans, he actually did not intend to conquer the world. This was the basic misunderstanding which fueled the Cold War: the U.S. government, as well as many private citizens, believed that the Russians were engaged in a world-wide con... ... middle of paper ... ...e of 1954, West Germany was permitted to join NATO.
Churchill basically said that Europe has been divided into two parts by this imaginary “iron curtain” the eastern half which is communist with dictatorships and the western half which is capitalist and mostly democratic. During this speech Churchill tried to tell Truman about what the Soviets are trying to do, create a communist world. Since the US ... ... middle of paper ... ...ich were super powerful. But the US had much more during the 1960’s. Even though the Soviets do have some good points the US had more nuclear weapons, NATO and Internal Security Act.
United states still had worries as it wanted to make a strong, free market- oriented Europe, which was Capitalist. During and after World war two, there were signs of mistrust between Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States. The idea for the soviets was to create communist buffer between them and Germany, but US saw it differently and it looked that communism kept expanding. In the spring of 1945 the Soviets started to install compliant governments in the eastern parts of Europe, thus violating the promises made of democratic election during the Yalta Conference. On May 12, 1945, the British Prime minister, Winston Churchill, sent a telegram to President Truman stating, “What is to happen about Europe?
1) After World War II (1939-1945), the United States and the Soviet Union became the strongest superpowers of the world. Although they shared a common enemy of the Nazi’s during the war, they did not share similar beliefs and interests economically and politically. The main difference between these powers was that the Soviets followed Karl Marx’s ideology of communism while the United States had a democracy and followed capitalism. This caused the two powers to become enemies post-war, later dividing up the world into two sides; The U.S. creating an alliance called NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), and the Soviets creating an alliance called the Warsaw Pact. With the fear of starting a nuclear war, the contrasting factions entered
In discussions of the causes of the Cold War, one controversial issue has been the question: who caused the Cold War? On the one hand, traditional historians argue that the leaders of the Soviet Union are to blame. On the other hand, revisionists contend that the Western leaders are to blame. Others even maintain that it was both the Western and the Soviet leaders who are equally responsible for the development of the Cold War. My own view is that the Western leaders were responsible for protecting democratic values that we enjoy today while the Soviet leadership’s ideology, aggressive and expansionist intrusions were mainly responsible for the development of the Cold War.
The Revisionist School of historians “placed the blame on President Truman and the demands of capitalism challenged this viewpoint” (Pipe 2007). Kennan, argues that the Cold War was not to “to blame the Soviets but to awaken American policy makers to the nature of the Soviet threat in the postwar world”. ( (T. J. White 2012) In conclusion, the various historians argue that both sides were responsible for the beginning of the Cold War. The revisionist approach argues that the origins of the Cold War were controversial and also remained very important in understanding the origins of the Cold War.
The Tensions of the Cold War When World War II finally ended, two countries, the Soviet Union and America, emerged as super powers. The previous super powers (France & England) were more or less destroyed from the war. While the countries where the war did not take place, the Soviet Union and America, their economy was hence boosted noticeably. Right after World War II however, numerous events led the two super powers into a conflict. The Cold War was an era in which the Soviet Union and America clashed with one another in order to spread what they believed was the ideal method of regime.