When one sees the Notre Dame de Paris cathedral in person or in pictures they are likely to be awestruck. The twin towers of the western façade rise high into the sky, seemingly in an attempt to scrape heaven. Spiky arches seem to grow out of the sides and claw at the ground. Inside it is cavernous with colored light filtering in through the large, intricate stained glass windows. All of these physical qualities make Notre Dame a prime example of Gothic architecture. It does not stand alone in that distinction. One is also likely to see several hundred examples of this style on varying scales throughout Europe. Because, despite its humble origins, Gothic architecture became the standard for religious buildings in the early 11th century thanks to innovative use of new and old design techniques which resulted in majestic buildings that symbolized the builder’s version of heaven.
...hing truly inspiring. The architecture inspires today and will continue to for hundreds of years into the future. Gothic architecture was the impetus and inspiration for Western European civilization to have the courage to move forward after centuries of war and disease. Gothic architecture has enjoyed several revivals over the centuries, proving its endurance inspite of the changing world. Gothic architecture transcended national boundaries and created organized labor. The Gothic Period in Western European history was indicative of their dominance of world culture in the centuries to come. Gothic architecture showed Western Europeans that they were capable of great feats of engineering and art. This was at a time when the region had emerged from the “Dark Ages”. The Gothic style was a symbol of a civilization coming to live and rising above its infirmities.
The Gothic style was an over exaggerated, awe-inspiring attempt to become closer to God. The worshipper was not only drawn to the altar, but experienced an ascent to heaven at the same time.1 These artistic gems are a grand testament to historical technology and the imaginative approach and vision of skilled craftsmen. The gothic style is one of the most extraordinary achievements in European history, typically characterized by slender, vertical piers, counterbalancing buttresses, vaulting, pointed arches and stained glass.
Rome and the Statue of Liberty in New York are all proof of the extraordinary celebrated artwork human kind has been able to do throughout several years. Now, I want to discuss another celebrated work of art that was quite popular in the medieval period, Gothic architecture. During the medieval period Gothic architecture was considered to be luxurious because of its exaggerated height given to buildings. Not only did it give height, it also had plenty of other characteristics like the pointed arch, the vaulted ceiling, and of course, plenty of windows where light could pass right through. For statesman historian, Abbot Suger, light was important. He believed light was a connection from heaven to Earth. The more light, the better. It was because of Abbot Suger that the admired Gothic style began along with more of his art program from about 1125-1144 (Inventing the Exegetical Stained-Glass Window: Suger, Hugh, and a New Elite Art, par 1). However, not everyone agreed with this extravagant style. When Gothic cathedrals began being built, French abbot, Bernard de Clairvaux made a judgment of his own. He explained that he did not see the need to be so extravagant when the money going to those glittering churches can go to a better use, the poor. I agree with Bernard; there is no need to be stylish when adorning cathedrals if there are better uses for that money.
In 1834, when a fire nearly completely demolished the old Palace of Westminster, Britain had a chance to redefine what British architecture was (Richardson p. 111-112). Although throughout Europe Classicism and the Greek and Roman Revival had had a stronghold on secular buildings, by the early 1800 Neo-Gothic was starting to be seen as a nationalistic style of architecture, something that should, together with language, be national (Barry, p.114). While in France the Gothic Revival was mainly used for secular buildings, in Britain it was mainly used for ecclesiastical buildings (Barry, p. 110). It was into this world that August Welby Nothmore Pugin (1812-52) was born.
With the Pantheon being built over 1700 years ago, it’s amazing that architects are still using features and techniques from this work of architecture in modern creations. The use of this type of classical architecture will continue to be used in works for public space due to its remarkable exterior appearance and it’s long lasting structural durability. When both Jesse hall and the Pantheon are compared it is possible to see their similarities from the types of domes that top each, their external facades, and their interior plan. While they share many similarities, the differences that Bell and Binder used in their creation make this work of architecture unique to many other public spaces.
The college library has a huge collection of over 120,000 books and is one of the very best in the university. It is open 24 hours a day to allow those who are most inspired by darkness to function at maximum capacity. During Trinity term the quad becomes one enormous living room, ‚ÄòPlease keep off the grass‚Äô signs being conspicuous by their absence. Pleasurable social activities such as croquet and frisbee co-exist with students working on their laptops and reading their course work. Quite simply idyllic!
Balliol is one of the oldest and largest of the colleges in Oxford with around 327 postgraduates and 387 undergraduates. It has recently become the most popular, with more applications than any other in the university. Balliol is situated right in the heart of the city on its original site with a lease dating back to foundation year – 1263. A student coup in the 1960’s attempted to re-name the college ‘the People’s Republic of Balliol’ and it has since gained a reputation as the most politically active in the university with the liberal left being particularly vocal.
Merton enjoys an enviable position, overlooking Christ Church meadows, which stretch down to the river, all of which creates a very relaxed atmosphere. Do not be fooled! The students that inhabit Merton are among the most talented and hardworking in Oxford.
... neat and homely Gothic quad. The newly established hall had a founding vision that now included investigating issues of injustice and deprivation as well as a religious commitment. This rational has inspired the recent establishment two important initiatives.
This work is typical for this era because the architectural style Gothic is known for its height being tall and made from stone and tall flying buttress...
(See Hallam & Everard 2001) The new Gothic cathedral was regarded as one of the first examples of High Gothic architecture. There was a genuine desire, of course, to build places of worship and prayer and to build a cathedral as a way to pay homage to God. However, the catholic...
As with many colleges there was no master building plan, but a haphazard development around the original E-shaped, Basil Champney’s red brick designs constructed between 1873 and 1913 – the first World war bringing an end to this phase of building. Basil was at Trinity at the same time as founder Sidgwick and when he failed to get a first, he turned his attention to architecture, working with London based Gothic guru John Prichard.
The world of Jane Austen's novels is a world of the country estate. Her central characters are members of the parish or landed gentry and their lives and adventures often circle around the local estate and the people who live there. One of Austen's main literary principles was to write only about the things she knew about in her own life, and the world of the landed gentry was one to which she had access. However the country estate in her novels serves a greater purpose than that of a mere background to the lives of her characters. Austen uses the country estate to give the reader an insight into the personalities of her characters, and as a way of discussing political, religious and aesthetic ideas of the period.
Stylistically, it is a very important piece of architecture. Although the Glasgow Building was built during the heart of the Art Nouveau period, its style gives a strong indication of what is to come for the future in architectural style. The Art Nouveau period was frequently organic with elaborate decoration. There were often undulating curves and twists which combined into an unpredictable picture of mental knots. The Glasgow Building did not boast many of these features making its style more difficult to pinpoint. It is a style between styles. In fact, it presents several features which will become much more prominent in the years to come.