Critical reflection is of high importance as it involves the understanding of self-awareness of beliefs, values, and cultural heritage. The third standard focuses on the knowledge of cultures. Knowledge which focuses on nurses gaining an understanding of practices, values, traditions, and family systems of culturally diverse populations to achieve better health outcomes and wellbeing. The sixth standard focuses on patient advocacy and empowerment. Advocating for a patient allows nurses the opportunity to advocate for the patient’s cultural practices and beliefs in all aspects of health care.
Caring is the essence of nursing. As a nurse, we establish a caring relationship with our patients, and provide the best individualize care and interventions to promote healing. Jean Watson’s focus of practice is the patient and the theory places the patient in the context of the family, the community and the culture. The major concepts of Jean Watson’s theory of caring are transpersonal caring relationships, caring moments/caring occasions and the ten caritas processes. I will describe how this theory can be applied in practice and show an example from my own practice.
The major concepts of Watson’s theory focus on the roots of caring, such as the transpersonal relationship of caring, caring moments and the caritas process. “Caring has been considered to be the ontological and epistemological foundation of nursing and the essence and central focus for nursing” (Sargent, 2012, p. 135). By applying Watson’s theory in practice, nurses can provide meaningful care and connect on a more personal level with patients, creating a healing environment. Transpersonal Caring Relationships Establishing a “Transpersonal Caring Relationship” is an essential part of the caring process. This means as nurses we must focus on understanding the relationship between health, illness and behavior.
EBP enables nurses to “make clinical decisions using the best available research evidence, their clinical expertise and patient preferences” (Razmus 2008). The EBP paradigm involves organizational culture that is devised into three components, known as context of caring, that form a clinical decision, which results in high-quality patient outcomes. The three components of context of caring include research evidence and evidence-based theories, clinical expertise, and patient preferences and values. Research evidence and evidence-based theories provides information for nursing practice. Nursing research notes persons, health, nursing practice, and environment as top priorities that nurses can use to generate new understanding or validate and verify, as well as modify, existing knowledge that effects nursing practice.
In nursing practice, the NLN’s mission aligns with extending nursing education by fostering excellence to progress a diverse team in evolving health on both national and global levels (NLN, 2016). The NLN seeks to be a leader in nursing education by setting goals and objectives. This organization plays a prominent role in nursing education by spearheading the nursing workforce with nursing certifications and examinations and serving as the main source for legislation reform. The NLN inspires students to apply professional clinical expertise to practice in an ethical manner with the utmost respect and value caring (Bavier, 2015). In nursing research, the NLN endorses evidence-based nursing education by promoting resources to foster research and evolve research initiatives to transform education in nursing (NLN, 2016).
Martha E. Rogers, one of nursing’s leading analysts, was a loyal advocate for nursing as a fundamental science (Parker, 2001b). Rogers is known for the paradigm she introduced to nursing called, “The Science of Unitary Human Beings (SUHB)” (Parker, 2001b). The SUHB provided a revolutionary vision of nursing reality (Rogers, 1970). According to Rogers (1970), her framework provided a structure for nursing practice, education and research that promises a move away from the previously predominant medical model approa... ... middle of paper ... ... 2005). Health.
This model creates a framework to provide care for individuals in health and “in acute, chronic, or terminal illness” (Shah, Abdullah, & Khan, 2015, p. 1834). It focuses on improving basic life processes of individuals, families, groups of people; nurses see communities as holistic adaptive systems. It consists of three basic assumptions: philosophical, scientific, and cultural. And it also contains many defined concepts about the environment, health, person, goal of nursing, adaptation, focal, contextual, and residual stimuli, cognator and regulator subsystem, and stabilizer and innovator control processes (McEwen & Wills, 2014, p.
Concepts within the theory are empirically identifiable and define clues that contribute to the accessibility of the theory. In the theory Watson addresses and defines the concepts of human being, health, environment, and nursing. These can better be identified as the empiric indicators. The definitions of these indicators may be easily associated with interactions to better understand and address these concepts making them empirically accessible. The empiric indicators are identifiable in reality and nursing.
Therefore, it is the nurse’s role to promote adaptation and enhance interaction with the environment in o... ... middle of paper ... ...ently published studies that used Roy’s adaptation theory and critically analyzed the effectiveness of her model to guide nursing practice and research. Their findings suggested that Roy’s adaptation theory was an applicable, flexible, and useful model in research and served to effectively guide nursing practice (Shosha & Al kalaldeh, 2012). Conclusion In conclusion, Roy’s Adaptation Model provides clinicians and researchers with a theoretical foundation to build upon. In practice, Roy’s adaptation model provides a systematic and dynamic approach to the nursing process, allowing nurses to develop holistic and meaningful care plans. In research, Roy’s adaptation theory has been extensively tested, generating evidence within nursing practice.
Evaluations by researchers may be the essential in developing proper modeling examples for future nursing practice and assuring health care team practices are according to the highest of ethical standards. Contrasting two Grand Nursing Theories Virginia Henderson: The Principles and Practice of nursing Practice Henderson’s major concepts were to relate nursing, health of patient and environment. She believed “the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities con... ... middle of paper ... ...derson - Theoretical Foundations of Nursing. Retrieved from http://nursingtheories.weebly.com/virginia-henderson.html Gonzalo, A. G. (2011). Florence Nightingale - Theoretical Foundations of Nursing.