Machine and Human Centric Applications

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Advancement in mobile communications has made people’s life easy, whether it is ordering a pizza, accessing internet, searching an address in a city or connecting with others through social networking site. Essential services such as e-commerce, e-banking, e-governance, e-health etc. will continue expanding their coverage and heading towards more mobility. These expansions will lead to enormous wireless traffic volume in future. We want access to various streaming services and connect instantly on a device like smartphone, workstation and over the screen in the auditorium. Ericsson has predicted that the wireless traffic volume would increase by 1000 times in 2020 than seen in 2010. This traffic is primarily driven by increased usage of mobile multi-media services[1]. Wireless traffic is a combination of human and machine centric operations. Today’s wireless traffic is largely contributed by human centric. Machine centric traffic will contribute equally in future as there is a forecast of approximately 50 billion connected devices by 2020[2]. The combination of human and machine centric applications will diversify the landscape of the telecom industry in terms of size, cost, energy dissipation and services. Machine centric applications require data delivery of high reliability and on the other side human centric applications require data delivery at high speed and always connected. Therefore, the next generation of mobile communication will be moving towards to a future state of “everything everywhere and always connected”[3]. The mobile communications started with 1st generation in 80’s for voice communication. With the time, more and more services would have converge and generations of mobile communications has also changed... ... middle of paper ... ...&media=electronic 23. National Frequency Allocation Plan (NFAP) 2011 of India. 24. Rjgopal S. Millimeter-wave Mobile Broadband with Large Scale Spatial Processing for 5G Mobile Communication. Fiftieth Annual Allerton Conference. Allerton House. October 1-5, 2012 USA. 25. Geng S. Propagation Channel Characterisation for Short-Range Wireless Communication.IEEE Transaction on Vehicular Technology Vol. 58, No.1, January 2009. 26. Frenzel Louise E., Millimeter waves will expand the wireless future. Electronic Design. 27. WP 5D - SG 5 of ITU-R. 28. ITU-R Preparatory Studies for WRC-15. 29. Jens Zander. Spectrum for 5G-a big deal.

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