From John Locke to Thomas Hobbes each Enlightenment thinker had a different perspective on how the world should work, but each one believed that humans should be given more and should be treated better. The Enlightenment Thinkers believed that in order to rule country, you had to get consent from the people. When a government is selected without the people’s input it is wrong. The whole point of the government for them to look over and keep watch their citizens. Before then, all the kings were “appointed” by God without question.
The term political philosophy cannot be mentioned without Machiavelli’s The Prince coming to mind. This is one of the most notable books ever written on the topic of politics and one of the most well known books to come from the Renaissance, but it is not the only book from this time period that focused on politics. Machiavelli also wrote Discourses on Livy, which gives a very different view of the political world and Francis Bacon wrote about the reign of Henry VII. Each of these manuscripts focuses on the different traits that a prince ought to have, their views on how to gain political power, and their political philosophies. In The Prince, Machiavelli believes that the key to power is a combination of fear and love; in the Discourses on Livy, he writes that knowledge of the past is important, and Bacon seems to think that being a private man while knowing much about others is most vital.