If it were only the witches' prophecies, then Macbeth would surely not have murdered Duncan. It was because Lady Macbeth constantly harassed her husband, that he was driven to commit all this evil. "... her blood thickened, her milk changed to gaul - into the inhuman, the distortion of nature..." (Ludwyk 233). This illustrates the complete metamorphosis of Lady Macbeth from a loving, beautiful, caring, kind wife to a ruthless, nasty, shrew of a woman. The women in this play distort Macbeth's intuition so much that he thinks he is doing the right thing.
The murder of King Duncan initiates another ... ... middle of paper ... ..."I will, to the weird sisters:/ More shall they speak, for now I am bent to know, / By the worst means, the worst" (3.5). They make three more prophecies and Macbeth is no longer fearful, but self-assured. The witches encouraged him to believe he is invulnerable and indestructible. The false security given to him by unnatural forces like the witches lead to his death. From the very beginning of the play, supernatural and unnatural forces have inspired and encouraged Macbeth.
The purpose of the charm is to implant in him the seed of evil and wrongdoing. Macbeth is originally shown as a loyal, slightly violent Scottish Thane. This initial observation is contradicted later on when Macbeth’s head is filled with visions of murdering his beloved king, a thought which he profoundly dismisses as horrible and frightening. Act 1 scene 3 where the witches are talking amongst themselves thoroughly “enumerates the miseries [the Weird Sister] will unleash upon [Macbeth]…” (Spencer 1). The witches cast another powerful spell later on when Macbeth is about to visit them for a second time.
Shakespeare's audiences would have undoubtedly believed in witches, yet his portrayal of the hallu... ... middle of paper ... ...ical this tragedy is. The small drop of doubt left in the audience's minds as to whether the witches are real or not enables Shakespeare to combine a vivid external presentation of the forces of evil with a profound exploration of their psychological sources and effects in the human mind. 'Hover through the fog and filthy air' is delivered in a slow, ominous moan. The gypsies are meant to disappear into thin air as directed in the text, but I feel it is much better to leave it up to the audience to decide if these women have supernatural powers. In order to allow this, the oil drum fire sputters wildly and, with another chilling bell chime, fades out in the torrential rain.
Moreover, they say “Fair is foul and Foul is Fair” (1.1.12). This quote is regarding their plans with Macbeth, as their foul or evil plans will appear fair to Macbeth, who like all humans, carry evil in their blood. Throughout the play, the witches feed ... ... middle of paper ... ...xists or not, but simply says man is capable of any evil. The supernatural is the one thing which decides the fate of Macbeth and his wife, Duncan, and the others who were affected by this evil. The three witches and the queen witch heavily influence Macbeth to a point where he relies on their prophecies, as he has gone insane.
Macbeth seems to be under the witches spell. The witches only appear once but there words stay in his thoughts. Where as Banquo knows that the witches are evil and often seduce us with small rewards in order to cause our destruction, “to win us to our harm, The instruments of darkness tell us truths; Win us with honest trifles.” To conclude, Shakespeare opens the play with the witches to frighten, confuse and unsettle the audience, he also wanted to make a dramatic impact in the theatre. Furthermore, he wants to introduce the main themes of the play: Fate, Destiny, Illusion and Reality. Although the witches are only on stage for a short time they exert a powerful influence throughout the rest of the play.
They meet in foul weather and talk of "thunder, lightning" and "the fog and filthy air", giving the audience a first impression that Macbeth is a dark, dangerous play in which the theme of evil is central. Only once in the play are the three weird sisters called 'witches', instead they are called "old hags" and "elemental forces". Shakespeare describes the witches in this way to make them sound more evil so that the audience would dislike them more. Shakespeare used the witches and supernatural influences to present evil scenes and events. As witches were hated at the time that Shakespeare wrote the play, he used the witc... ... middle of paper ... ...h after Guy Fawks' attempt to kill King James I in 1605.
Shakespeare begins the play with the witches for several reasons. First, the fact that they are witches portrays many evil themes since witches are a universal symbol for an advocate of the devil. They themselves foreshadow malign events to come. For example, to add to the witches’ representation of evil, the clichéd background is that of thunder and lightening, which also represents wickedness and confusion. Shakespeare also uses the witches to give some background to the play; they decide to meet with Macbeth “when the battle’s lost and won”.
Act 1 Scene 3, there is thunder when the witches meet again. The idea of them being evil is reinforced because in this scene because they are cursing a sailor. This suggests that Macbeth will also face a similar type of treatment. The mystery of the witches is increased in this scene because they know Macbeth is coming when the third witch tells the other two, ‘Macbeth doth come.’ This raises the question of how they knew he was coming and reinforces the link between Macbeth and the witches, which suggests to the audience that Macbeth is evil from the beginning of the play. This link is further reinforced when Macbeth’s first line using the same equivocal as the witches, ‘So foul and fair a day I have not seen’.
The idea of evil is presented even at the beginning of the play, since the play starts with witches. Witches have always been servants of the Devil, planning their malicious schemes against Macbeth. Nevertheless, while the idea of Macbeth's evilness comes as a slow process of transformation from good to evil, the character of Lady Macbeth presents itself as a malevolent and constant persuading force from beginning to end. Lady Macbeth is aware that going down the path of evil is the only way to get the crown and instead of feeling scared of dealing with demonic forces, she feels anxious and actually invokes evil spirits for help to complete her task. Besides, it is Lady Macbeth who persuades Macbeth to commit the crime and later on constantly reprimands him for feeling remorse and not being man enough to deal with the consequences.