Mental illness is a serious societal problem today, and has been for a long time. People who have a mental illness often end up hurting other people mentally and physically. When someone has a mental illness, they might also end up hurting themselves or cause suffering for themselves. Also, it is sometimes difficult for them to understand things clearly, and they might be unsure of things in their life. All of these problems are shown in a person who is mentally ill. Macbeth hears his prophecy from three witches which starts his mental illness, along with Lady Macbeth pressuring him to kill the king. After Macbeth kills the king, things start to get out of hand; Macbeth gets over ambitious and wants to kill more people, whatever it takes. Lady Macbeth asks for her womanhood to be taken so that she will not feel guilty, but ends up feeling more guilty than ever. Subsequently, she kills herself to escape the guilt, and causes her husband great pain. These tragic examples and many others show that mental illness is a societal issue, and it is shown throughout the story of Macbeth.
In Shakespeare’s Macbeth, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth both show signs of what would today be diagnosed as symptoms of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is defined as "a psychotic disorder characterized by loss of contact with the environment, by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life, and by disintegration of personality expressed as disorder of feeling, thought, and conduct." There are three major symptoms of the disorder; not being able to distinguish the difference between fantasy and reality, incoherent conversations, and withdrawal physically and emotionally. The most common and most well known symptom of schizophrenia is when people cannot distinguish between what is real and what is not. Schizophrenics often suffer from delusions and hallucinations. A delusion is a false belief or idea and a hallucination is seeing, hearing, or sensing something that is not really there. Some people diagnosed with the illness may speak with disjointed conversations. They often utter vague statements that are strung together in an incoherent way. Lastly, some schizophrenics withdraw emotionally, for example, their outlook on life is deadened and they show little or no warmth, and also physically, such as their movements become jerky and robot-like.
“...Seize upon Fife, give to th' edge o' th' sword His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls That trace him in his line” (4.1.170-174). In act four of Macbeth, Macbeth demands Macduff’s entire castle be murdered in full resolve and utter insanity. He becomes the very personality he disdains from the start of Macbeth. However, it cannot be simply chalked up to a shift in heart but, instead, a diagnosable disorder that contributes to his full-fledged lunacy. It is easy to assume that Macbeth was only influenced into his craziness; but upon further inspection Macbeth had, without a doubt, developed Bipolar Disorder. He quickly changed from a virtuous and proud warrior to a liar and thief of the crown once Lady Macbeth had pressured him into killing Duncan. From thereon out, Macbeth quickly made his descent into madness; a combination of manic episodes, delusions,
Macbeth, one of the darkest and most powerful plays written by Shakespeare, dramatizes the disastrous psychological effects that occur when evil is chosen to fulfill the ambition for power. Throughout the play, Macbeth’s character loses mental stability and becomes enthralled with the idea of being king. Empowered by the three witches, this situation consumes Macbeth’s consciousness until his mental state becomes deranged. This mental deterioration is evident in what he says and does as he evolves into a tyrannical ruler attempting to protect himself from enmity and suspicion. In an attempt to fulfill his ambition for power, Macbeth displays mental deterioration and becomes increasingly bloodthirsty.
An insane person is one that demonstrates foolish acts because of their poor mental state. In the beginning of Macbeth, Macbeth is characterized as a brave soldier. His bravery on the battlefield earned him the titles of Thane of Cawdor and Glamis. The play leads the reader to believe that Macbeth is sane, but when he receives prophesy from the witches that he will be king, an insane character emerges from within. Macbeth demonstrates these characteristics when he claims to see a floating dagger and an illusionary ghost and also becomes obsessed with the idea of killing others, and not being completely human. Macbeth displays the characteristics of an insane character because of his foolish acts and poor mental state when he visualizes the floating dagger, speaks to a ghost, becomes obsessed with killing others and with the idea of being invincible.
Insanity is defined as “[the] inability to understand the nature and consequences of one's acts or of events, matters, or proceedings in which one is involved.” In William Shakespeare’s Macbeth, the protagonist turned antagonist, Macbeth, was once “valour’s minion” (I.ii.16) a loyal and devoted nobleman of Scotland. However, he commits a heinous act of regicide in order to ascend the throne, only to become a tyrant who in the end was regarded as nothing but a “dead butcher” (V.ix.35). Macbeth was unarguably sane in the beginning of the play, however, at the end of the play its unclear whether or not Macbeth truly was a “deranged blood hound” (V.ii.32), or if he was still acting on his own accord. Critics may say that this “Bloody sceptered tyrant” (IV.iii.95), who murdered innocent people indiscriminately through the novel befell the holds of insanity, but in truth, Macbeth, whether for better or for worse, never was truly driven insane.
In Macbeth we will diagnose him with schizophrenia. When macbeth makes it on top he becomes paranoid which can be a symptom of schizophrenia. Also he starts hallucinating which is other symptoms. So we will explore how he has schizophrenia and what schizophrenia is.
In the story of Macbeth by William Shakespeare the main character and the play’s namesake, Macbeth, is a heroic warrior for Medieval Scotland. There is a war raging and Macbeth is a fearless leader of the Scottish army. As battles rage, another leader or Thane, Macduff, conquers the territory of Cawdor which King Duncan of Scotland mistakenly gives to Macbeth. Macbeth becomes fixated on land and power so he accepts the territory rightfully Macduff’s. This makes Macduff very angry, but he can’t speak out against his king. Throughout the story Macbeth goes on a spree of doing anything to become more powerful, fraternizing with witches, murdering, and climbing to the top. However, this is not without its problems and though he tries to cover it
In Shakespeare’s play Macbeth, the character Macbeth descends into madness. Macbeth’s descent into madness first started with the witch’s prediction. If he had never met the witches none of this trouble would have occurred.
She told of how the emotions and thoughts which Lady Macbeth held in were shown to have been the culprits behind the mental disease (“The Psychoanalysis of Lady Macbeth” shakespeare-online.com). Coriat described somnambulism as being “not sleep, but an abnormal mental state, distinct from the ordinary mental state of the subject,” (“The Psychoanalysis of Lady Macbeth” shakespeare-online.com). The thoughts and emotions suppressed by Lady Macbeth are the obvious reasons she suffered this disease, as talked about by Coriat. Lady Macbeth was, to the knowledge of the reader, sane in the mind until she and Macbeth committed the murder of Duncan. There was no evidence within Macbeth that she might have been mentally deranged before Duncan’s
Throughout Macbeth it is evident that Macbeth’s moral goes from honorable to wicked. At the beginning of the play, Macbeth is regarded as “brave…--well he deserves that name—“, people looked up to Macbeth for his valiant character (1.1.16). However, not even he could overcome his tragic flaw: ambition. Thus, when Macbeth encounters the three witches that prophesize “Macbeth- thou shalt be king hereafter!” Macbeth is blinded by his ambition for power (1.3.52). Therefore, Macbeth goes on a killing spree, murdering anyone who threatens his power. Although Macbeth’s motive for killing remains the same, his mental state changes gradually changes.
Macbeth enters the play as a respected individual but leaves as a psychotic tyrant. Someone who was once a sane, knowledgeable man transitions into a cruel, desperate lunatic. At first overcome with guilt of killing a dear friend, he rapidly fell into the trap of false security. Due to the never-ending want of man, he went to many extremes to uphold his goal of becoming king. His own misinterpretations of half-truths told by a group of disbelieving witches led him to an unruly death. He led himself into insanity by putting too much blind faith into unreliable
Macbeth struggles with control over himself, in an emotional way and over his own destiny. “Brave Macbeth—well he deserves that name—Disdaining Fortune, with his brandished steel,which smoked with bloody execution,Like valor’s minion carved out his passage” (Act 1, Scene 2, Lines 16-19). Macbeth is displayed as unambiguous, a great fighter who cuts through his enemies with strong ruthlessness. But, when Macbeth is introduced in person, he is so very different. He is cannot deal with the Weird Sisters, and reacts ambiguous in an emotional way. “This supernatural soliciting/Cannot be ill, cannot be good. If ill,Why hath it given me earnest of success” (Act 1, Scene 3, Lines 131-133). He do not know if the witches’ prophecy is good or bad, and this makes his upset. “If good, why do I yield to that suggestion. Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair And make my seated heart knock at my ribs, Against the use of nature? Present fears Are less than horrible imaginings” (Act 1, Scene 3, Lines 135-139). By the end of the play, Macbeth has done so many cruel and brutal crimes
During the play, there would be parts of the play in which there were characters that have gone insane, or have committed crazy actions. The characters that go insane are most prominently Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. Although, more than likely, Macbeths insanity was triggered by Lady Macbeth persuading Macbeth to kill Duncan. Later in the play, Lady Macbeth truly goes crazy, “The Thane of Fife had a wife. Where is she now? What, will these hands ne’er be clean? No more o’ that, my lord, no more o’ that! You mar all with this starting,” page 403. Lady Macbeth in the act V, displays in the play that she is saying things that normal people wouldn’t say aloud. Lady Macbeth says that the blood cannot be washed off of her hands, which was Duncan’s blood. Also, Lady Macbeth says that Banquo cannot come out of the ground, and she also starts to hear and see things that aren’t actually there. Later in act V, Lady Macbeth simply cannot take it anymore and she therefore, commits suicide. Macbeth also goes insane, most likely due to being power hungry and wanting to keep the power. Since Macbeth is power hungry, Macbeth starts to kill people. It is unclear how many people Macbeth killed, but easily the most disturbing murder that Macbeth pulled off was the murder of Macduff’s family. Macbeth believes that Macduff is plotting against him, which he was, and
Macbeth, just like anybody else, had some weaknesses. He was a gullible and a very single-minded person. He always thought of himself as being better than the rest. So he found nothing wrong with the witches' forecasts of him becoming the king of Scotland. 'All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, thane of Glamis! … All hail, Macbeth! That shalt be king hereafter'; This was all part of the witches' plan. They knew that Macbeth was both single-minded and gullible, and took full advantage of it. Macbeth let these predictions go to his head and he expected King Duncan to make him the next in line for the throne. When this didn't happen, Macbeth saw no other alternative than to murder King Duncan. Due to the witches' forecasts Macbeth thought he deserved the throne, almost like it was meant to be. Macbeth's clear thought of reasoning became clouded as his ego increased. He no longer knew the difference between right and wrong. He was being guided by supernatural powers.